RAINWATER HARVESTING IN THE TOWNS OF THE ROMAN PERIOD

  • Kozlowska, I.
Abstract:
The paper deals with the issue of collecting rainwater in Roman times on the example of two cities: Termessos and Phaselis. These cities are ruins located in the coastal area of the Antalia district in Turkey (Antalya Province in Turkey). In the 1st c. B.C. the Pisidian Termesoos and Phaselis - belonging to the Lycian federation - came under the rule of the Roman state, experiencing intense spatial development during this period. These towns represent two types of cities whose inhabitants had to adapt the urban structure to the conditions of the Mediterranean climate through the use of rainwater. Termessos - the mountain town was devoid of natural sources. Phaselis was a port city with access to fresh water. The aim of the conducted research was to determine the methods of providing drinking water to city dwellers of various terrain conditions and to demonstrate the impact of the adopted systems on the spatial and architectural solutions of both cities. The research method was a case study of two cities: Termessos and Phaselis, with architectural and urban structures typical of the Roman state. The conducted research indicated that water supply techniques have had a major impact on architectural and urban solutions adopted in the cities of ancient Rome, and the rainwater harvesting was one of the elements of a technology providing drinking water to residents during this period.
SGEM Research areas:
Year:
2018
Type of Publication:
In Proceedings
Keywords:
rainwater harvesting; water supply; Termessos; Phaselis; Roman period
Volume:
18
SGEM Book title:
5th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM 2018
Book number:
2.3
SGEM Series:
International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts-SGEM
Pages:
81-88
Publisher address:
51 Alexander Malinov blvd, Sofia, 1712, Bulgaria
SGEM supporters:
Bulgarian Acad Sci; Acad Sci Czech Republ; Latvian Acad Sci; Polish Acad Sci; Russian Acad Sci; Serbian Acad Sci & Arts; Slovak Acad Sci; Natl Acad Sci Ukraine; Natl Acad Sci Armenia; Sci Council Japan; World Acad Sci; European Acad Sci, Arts & Letters; Ac
Period:
23 - 26 October, 2018
ISBN:
978-619-7408-68-3
ISSN:
2367-5659
Conference:
5th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM 2018, 23 - 26 October, 2018
DOI:
10.5593/sgemsocialF2018/2.3/S08.010
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