THE ROMANIAN REFUGEES, DOBRUDJA AND PUBLIUS OVIDIUS NASO. MEMORY AND PROPAGANDA IN THE FIRST WORLD WAR

  • Citiriga, D.
Abstract:
A hundred years from the onset and deployment of World War I is a special occasion for an in-depth analysis of the tragedy that has been caused by it, both from the perspective of simple people and political and intellectual elites. Thus, the present text proposes an insight into what historians call microhistory, a leaning on the personal dramas of those involved, people who did not have an official position, soldiers, women, children, but also an immersion in the attitude of writers and publicists who were co-opted into official war propaganda. Bucharest being occupied by Central Powers troops caused the withdrawal of the government and of the Royal House in Iasi. At the same time, the occupation of Dobrudja between 1916 and 1918 led to an exodus of the Romanian population from this region. In this sense, the war memoirs, as well as the several Romanian publications, contemporary to the events, reproduce the everyday life of the refugees, helping us to paint a picture of their wandering. In "România", the Romanian Army official newspaper, authors such as the writers Mihail Sadoveanu, Corneliu Moldoveanu, or George Duma, having in mind the model of the Latin poet Publius Ovidius Naso, exiled to Tomis during the Roman Empire, were making a parallel with the destiny of the refugees in Dobrudja. Highlighting the presence of Publius Ovidius Naso at Pontus Euxinus was intended to be a historical argument for the affiliation of Dobrudja to Latin civilization, a very sensitive subject for Bulgaria's claims to the same region. How Ovidius became the subject of war propaganda for Romanians in the Great World Conflagration is an unsettled but important theme to understand the mentality of the age.
SGEM Research areas:
Year:
2017
Type of Publication:
In Proceedings
Keywords:
First World War; Dobrudja; refugees; Publius Ovidius Naso; exile
Volume:
17
SGEM Book title:
4th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM 2017
Book number:
2
SGEM Series:
International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts-SGEM
Pages:
381-388
Publisher address:
51 Alexander Malinov blvd, Sofia, 1712, Bulgaria
SGEM supporters:
Bulgarian Acad Sci; Acad Sci Czech Republ; Latvian Acad Sci; Polish Acad Sci; Russian Acad Sci; Serbian Acad Sci & Arts; Slovak Acad Sci; Natl Acad Sci Ukraine; Natl Acad Sci Armenia; Sci Council Japan; World Acad Sci; European Acad Sci, Arts & Letters; Ac
Period:
24 - 30 August 2017
ISBN:
978-619-7408-18-8
ISSN:
2367-5659
Conference:
4th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM 2017, 24 - 30 August 2017
DOI:
10.5593/sgemsocial2017/22/S08.051
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