ACCESS OF INTERNATIONAL YOUNG MIGRANTS TO HEALTH CARE IN RUSSIA

  • Borodkina, O.
  • Amirkhanian, A.
Abstract:
During 2016, the international migration to Russia was consistently increasing as it was observed in recent years. Estimated migration growth is about 280,000 persons per year. Access to medical care is an important measure of the integration of international migrants, thus there is need to study factors facilitating and hampering engagement of migrants into health care as well as to study the ways of obtaining medical care practiced by migrants. The study was realized in Saint Petersburg and in Moscow. Nine expert interviews were conducted among professionals from the organizations providing medical or social support to migrants. In addition, five focus groups among migrants from Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and Ukraine and nine in-depth interviews with migrants from China were conducted. The focus groups and interviews with young international migrants revealed that considerable part of them are not sufficiently aware about their rights in particular that they can get medical care for free if there is threat to life condition. Migrants often do not use already existing opportunities (i.e. to get free medical insurance in case of migration from countries with which Russia has a treaty such as Kyrgyzstan). The young international migrants in Russia currently have limited access to medical care. Timely taking medications could be crucial for maintaining health in case of a chronic disease. Among international young migrants the informal practices of seeking and obtaining medical care are widespread, however they do not bridge the gap between care needs of migrants and the abilities of doctors to provide services to them. Migrants often refuse to obtain medical insurance or usually buy the cheapest medical insurance which covers very limited services. Deferred access to medical care providers and self-treatment practices can lead to worsening of symptoms. The issues of HIV and tuberculosis prevention demand a special attention. There is need to disseminate information among young migrants regarding questions of access to healthcare, HIV and TB disease using languages of migrants as well as about voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) facilities where migrants can get tested for HIV anonymously and for free should be disseminated among migrants.
SGEM Research areas:
Year:
2017
Type of Publication:
In Proceedings
Keywords:
access to health care; health insurance; international young migrant; Russia
Volume:
17
SGEM Book title:
4th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM 2017
Book number:
3
SGEM Series:
International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts-SGEM
Pages:
33-40
Publisher address:
51 Alexander Malinov blvd, Sofia, 1712, Bulgaria
SGEM supporters:
Bulgarian Acad Sci; Acad Sci Czech Republ; Latvian Acad Sci; Polish Acad Sci; Russian Acad Sci; Serbian Acad Sci & Arts; Slovak Acad Sci; Natl Acad Sci Ukraine; Natl Acad Sci Armenia; Sci Council Japan; World Acad Sci; European Acad Sci, Arts & Letters; Ac
Period:
24 - 30 August 2017
ISBN:
978-619-7408-20-1
ISSN:
2367-5659
Conference:
4th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM 2017, 24 - 30 August 2017
DOI:
10.5593/sgemsocial2017/33/S12.005
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