ANALYSIS OF CONVERGENCE-DIVERGENCE IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF ECONOMIC PROCESSES IN CIRCUMPOLAR COUNTRIES

  • Didenko, N. I.
  • Samylovskaya, E. A.
  • Kulik, S. V.
  • Skripnuk, D. F.
  • Krepkaia, T. N.
Abstract:
The article evaluates the convergence-divergence of indicators of economic development processes in circumpolar countries. The object of the study is the indicators, which evaluate the economic processes in member countries of the Arctic Council: Denmark, Iceland, Canada, Norway, Russia, USA, Finland, and Sweden. The processes of convergence-divergence were researched in all eight member-countries of the Arctic Council based on statistics from 1990 through 2014. The following indicators, analyzing economic processes, were considered: GDP per capita; GDP growth rate; volume of export per employed person; GDP per employed person; and foreign direct investment per employed person. The methodology of ?-convergence, absolute ?-convergence, and conditional ?-convergence was used for the analysis of convergence-divergence of economic processes. According to ?-convergence analysis, a general tendency is characteristic for all Arctic Council countries – a divergence in development by four out of five selected economic indicators. There appears a strong tendency of convergence by GDP growth rate, which is supported by verifying all three hypotheses. The convergence tendency by GDP growth rate indicator is supported by the following verification criteria. According to conditional ?-convergence, foreign direct investment per employed person influences the increase of the GDP growth rate indicator.
SGEM Research areas:
Year:
2017
Type of Publication:
In Proceedings
Keywords:
circumpolar countries; economic processes; ?-convergence; absolute ?-convergence; and conditional ?-convergence.
Volume:
17
SGEM Book title:
References: 4th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM2017, www.sgemvienna.org, SGEM2017 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-93-3 / ISSN 2367-5659, March 28-31, Book1, Vol.1, 537-544 pp, DOI:10.5593/SGE
Book number:
1.1
SGEM Series:
International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts-SGEM
Pages:
537-544
Publisher address:
51 Alexander Malinov blvd, Sofia, 1712, Bulgaria
SGEM supporters:
Bulgarian Acad Sci; Acad Sci Czech Republ; Latvian Acad Sci; Polish Acad Sci; Russian Acad Sci; Serbian Acad Sci & Arts; Slovak Acad Sci; Natl Acad Sci Ukraine; Natl Acad Sci Armenia; Sci Council Japan; World Acad Sci; European Acad Sci, Arts & Letters; Ac
Period:
4th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM2017
ISBN:
978-619-7105-93-3
ISSN:
2367-5659
Conference:
References: 4th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM2017, www.sgemvienna.org, SGEM2017 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-93-3 / ISSN 2367-5659, March 28-31, Book1, Vol.1, 537-544 pp, DOI:10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2017/HB11/S03.067, 4th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM2017
DOI:
10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2017/HB11/S03.067
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