SURVIVAL STRATEGIES DURING EVACUATION IN THE SOVIET UNION AT WAR 1941-1945

  • Potemkina, M.
  • Makarova, N.
  • Pashkovskaia, T.
Abstract:
In the current unstable international circumstances, the specific features of everyday life during extreme hardship have become an intensively debated issue in European and Russian historiography. In terms of human survival and coping with difficulties, the Second World War, involving the Soviet-German conflict 1941-1945, is among the primary topics for investigation. Furthermore, the emergence of new approaches and the release of declassified war archives have shed new light on the everyday history; the anthropological turn that took place in the 20th century has strengthened the focus on the problem of ‘little man’. In the light of that, the present article is dedicated to human survival strategies during the war 1941-1945, one of the hardest periods for Russia and other former republics of the Soviet Union. The subject matter of the article lies at the intersection of social and military history. The study is built on the published and archival materials. Among the principal primary sources, there are former Soviet residents’ interviews and memoirs. The database also includes letters, diaries of eyewitnesses and the relevant Soviet laws. Drawing on the methodology of oral and everyday history the authors identified three survival strategies: paternalistic, deviant and self-preserving. The strategy of self-preservation appeared to be the most efficient during wartime and widespread within the territory of the Soviet Union because, firstly, it had provided relative independence from the state and, secondly, it had enabled people to stay within the legal frameworks. This research can be rewarding and applied in the analysis of the living conditions under evacuation that, at times, occurs for different reasons and in different countries. The classification of survival strategies can become an effective methodology in the study of immigrants’ adaptation during social upheavals.
SGEM Research areas:
Year:
2017
Type of Publication:
In Proceedings
Keywords:
history; Soviet Union; World War II; evacuation; survival strategies
Volume:
17
SGEM Book title:
References: 4th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM2017, www.sgemvienna.org, SGEM2017 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-94-0 / ISSN 2367-5659, March 28-31, Book2, Vol.1, 113-120 pp, DOI:10.5593/SGE
Book number:
2.1
SGEM Series:
International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts-SGEM
Pages:
113-120
Publisher address:
51 Alexander Malinov blvd, Sofia, 1712, Bulgaria
SGEM supporters:
Bulgarian Acad Sci; Acad Sci Czech Republ; Latvian Acad Sci; Polish Acad Sci; Russian Acad Sci; Serbian Acad Sci & Arts; Slovak Acad Sci; Natl Acad Sci Ukraine; Natl Acad Sci Armenia; Sci Council Japan; World Acad Sci; European Acad Sci, Arts & Letters; Ac
Period:
4th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM2017
ISBN:
978-619-7105-94-0
ISSN:
2367-5659
Conference:
References: 4th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM2017, www.sgemvienna.org, SGEM2017 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-94-0 / ISSN 2367-5659, March 28-31, Book2, Vol.1, 113-120 pp, DOI:10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2017/HB21/S05.014, 4th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM2017
DOI:
10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2017/HB21/S05.014
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