HENCKEL’S MINERAL CABINET AT THE MOSCOW STATE UNIVERSITY: A BRIEF HISTORY

  • Yurkin, I. N.
  • Kalita, S. P.
  • Lapshin, I. Y.
Abstract:
The article is devoted to the history of the mineralogical collection which played a special role in the history of museums of Russian universities. Assembled in Saxony by a chemist and mineralogist Johann Friedrich Henckel and then bought by the owner of several steel factories Akinfy Nikitich Demidov, it was later presented to the Moscow university and then served as the basis of the first Russian university museum. This article reviews the history of the mineral collection before it was sold and explores newly opened archival sources which reveal the history of the collection after it has been moved to Russia. Demidovs owned at least three similar collections – two of European origin and one collected in Russia. The article considers the route of movement of these collections and the corresponding reasons. Previously it was believed that the collection entered the University lacking any description. The article proves that it existed and examines its documentary traces. The article also reveals the connection between Henckel’s collection and the collection made by the Saint Petersburg Academy of Sciences.
SGEM Research areas:
Year:
2019
Type of Publication:
In Proceedings
Keywords:
mineral collection; university museum; Moscow State University.
Volume:
6
SGEM Book title:
6th International Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM 2019
Book number:
2.1
SGEM Series:
International Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts-SGEM
Pages:
41-48
Publisher address:
51 Alexander Malinov blvd, Sofia, 1712, Bulgaria
SGEM supporters:
Bulgarian Acad Sci; Acad Sci Czech Republ; Latvian Acad Sci; Polish Acad Sci; Russian Acad Sci; Serbian Acad Sci & Arts; Slovak Acad Sci; Natl Acad Sci Ukraine; Natl Acad Sci Armenia; Sci Council Japan; World Acad Sci; European Acad Sci, Arts & Letters; Ac
Period:
11-14 April, 2019
ISBN:
978-619-7408-74-4
ISSN:
2367-5659
Conference:
6th International Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM 2019, 11-14 April, 2019
DOI:
10.5593/sgemsocial2019V/2.1/S05.005
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