GERMANY’S MIDDLE EAST STRATEGY AND GEORGIAN-GERMAN RELATIONS IN THE SECOND HALF OF 1918

  • Zosidze, N.
  • Vardmanidze, J.
  • Varshanidze, N.
Abstract:
In the second half of 1918 the Middle East strategy of Germany was entirely connected to Georgia’s foreign policy after signing the agreement at Poti on May 28, 1918. It was already clear that unleashed aspirations (plan of Turan and strong desire of taking over the south Caucasus) of Ottoman Empire were to finish. Undoubtedly, Germany was against the invasion of the south Caucasus by Turkey. That’s why Germany demanded from Turkey to stop the further military expansion in Transcaucasia. They recommended Turkish instead of military aggression to negotiate with newly formed states, speak about contentious political issues and find common ground. Turkey did not like Germans’ attitude towards their vulnerable issues. The second stage of the Georgian-German negotiation took place in Berlin. The main aim of Georgian delegation was Germany to recognize Georgia's independence and its statehood, Germans welcomed this idea but certain detrimental political changes in autumn of 1918 worsened the situation and the issue remained unresolved. Despite Germany’s failure, the German-Georgian cooperation, however unequal and short-lived, proved to be highly beneficial for the young Georgian republic. As exactly in this period Georgia was recognized as „De facto“ and „De jure“ by more than twenty counties.
SGEM Research areas:
Year:
2018
Type of Publication:
In Proceedings
Keywords:
Georgia's independence; Germany; Turkey; Schulenburg; Fon Kühl
Volume:
18
SGEM Book title:
5th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM 2018
Book number:
2.2
SGEM Series:
International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts-SGEM
Pages:
261-270
Publisher address:
51 Alexander Malinov blvd, Sofia, 1712, Bulgaria
SGEM supporters:
Bulgarian Acad Sci; Acad Sci Czech Republ; Latvian Acad Sci; Polish Acad Sci; Russian Acad Sci; Serbian Acad Sci & Arts; Slovak Acad Sci; Natl Acad Sci Ukraine; Natl Acad Sci Armenia; Sci Council Japan; World Acad Sci; European Acad Sci, Arts & Letters; Ac
Period:
26 August – 01 September, 2018
ISBN:
978-619-7408-53-9
ISSN:
2367-5659
Conference:
5th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM 2018, 26 August – 01 September, 2018
DOI:
10.5593/sgemsocial2018/2.2/S08.033
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