LEGAL POLICY OF RUSSIAN EMPIRE IN RESPECT OF LANGUAGE RELATIONS IN XIX – EARLY XX CENTURIES

  • Akishin, M.
Abstract:
The legal policy of the Russian Empire in XIX – early XX centuries in respect of language relations was aimed at strengthening the state positions of the Russian language in a spirit of European doctrines of Romantic era on the importance of the language in the nation’s consolidation. The basis for criticism of the national policy of the Russian Empire was laid by the Russian liberals and the Polish conservatives in the late XIX – early XX centuries. The most revolutionary-radical character the criticism of Russian “imperialism” has acquired in the works of V. Lenin, who called the Russian Empire “a prison of peoples”. In Soviet historiography, criticism of national policy of “tsarist regime” was made a dogma. But that notwithstanding, Russia respectfully treated the native languages of indigenous peoples living on its territory(in the European and Asian parts of the country). Swedish, Finnish and Russian languages enjoyed the status of the state language in the Grand Duchy of Finland. The Polish language preserved the status of the state language until the mid-nineteenth century in the Polish Kingdom. The Baltic provinces used the Russian, German, Estonian and Latvian languages. Native languages of Eastern “non-Russians” were used in local government home rule and in courts. The Russian Empire carried out a big amount of work on peoples of the East writing system creation and on their school education development.
SGEM Research areas:
Year:
2018
Type of Publication:
In Proceedings
Keywords:
The Russian Empire; law; language policy
Volume:
18
SGEM Book title:
5th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM 2018
Book number:
2.2
SGEM Series:
International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts-SGEM
Pages:
297-304
Publisher address:
51 Alexander Malinov blvd, Sofia, 1712, Bulgaria
SGEM supporters:
Bulgarian Acad Sci; Acad Sci Czech Republ; Latvian Acad Sci; Polish Acad Sci; Russian Acad Sci; Serbian Acad Sci & Arts; Slovak Acad Sci; Natl Acad Sci Ukraine; Natl Acad Sci Armenia; Sci Council Japan; World Acad Sci; European Acad Sci, Arts & Letters; Ac
Period:
26 August – 01 September, 2018
ISBN:
978-619-7408-53-9
ISSN:
2367-5659
Conference:
5th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM 2018, 26 August – 01 September, 2018
DOI:
10.5593/sgemsocial2018/2.2/S08.037
Hits: 1065