COUNCILS OF YOUNG SCIENTISTS AS A UNIQUE FORM OF ORGANIZATION AND COORDINATION OF RESEARCH IN USSR: CASE OF TOMSK SCIENTIFIC AND EDUCATIONAL COMPLEX IN 1960-1980s

  • Sorokin, A. N.
Abstract:
1960-1980s became a period of intensive development of scientific and technological progress, burgeoning o and the highest point of development of Soviet science. All that resulted in exploration of space, emergence of laser etc. Tomsk scientific and educational complex that was one of the largest scientific centers in the country became involved in this process which reflected in its internal development. This period was characterized by drastic rearrangement of research agenda that aimed at the development of fundamental studies in the most promising fields of science and technology, new forms of organization of science rose. On the initiative of postgraduate students and young researchers supported by directorates of scientific research institutes (NII) numerous councils of young researchers and specialists emerge (SMUS). The SMUS activities were aimed at support consolidation and coordination of work of young scientists. SMUS became one of the most efficient societal forms of organization of science. Other regions followed the Tomsk example and established SMUS-es of their own. In this article main stages of formation and development of these councils, lines of activity and key results have been analyzed. The article is meant for all interested in history of science and education, history of Siberia and Soviet history.
SGEM Research areas:
Year:
2016
Type of Publication:
In Proceedings
Keywords:
USSR; Siberia; Soviet science; Tomsk scientific and educational complex; Councils of young scientists; public forms of organization of Science
Volume:
16
SGEM Book title:
3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM2016, Vienna Extended Session
Book number:
3.1
SGEM Series:
International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts-SGEM
Pages:
17-24
Publisher address:
51 Al. Malinov blvd, Sofia, 1712, Bulgaria
SGEM supporters:
SWS Scholarly Society; Acad Sci Czech Republ; Latvian Acad Sci; Polish Acad Sci; Russian Acad Sci; Serbian Acad Sci & Arts; Natl Acad Sci Ukraine; Natl Acad Sci Armenia; Sci Council Japan; European Acad Sci, Arts & Letters; Acad Fine Arts Zagreb Croatia; C
Period:
06-09 April, 2016
ISBN:
978-619-7105-52-0
ISSN:
2367-5659
Conference:
3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM2016, Vienna Extended Session, 06-09 April, 2016
DOI:
10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2016/HB31/S02.003
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