HARDY’S NARRATIVE AS A LITERARY PALIMPSEST

  • Shamsutdinova, N.
Abstract:
The paper deals with the novel The Woodlanders (1887) by Thomas Hardy traditionally reviewed by literary critics as realistic novel of the Late Victorian fiction. The novel occupies special position in the author’s writings as it rotted in early Hardy’s works and at the same time is connected with his later novels of the whole cycle. The theme and scenes of the novel resemble Under the Greenwood Tree: A Rural Painting of the Dutch School (1872) and Far from the Madding Crowd (1874). There is also a motive from The Return of the Native (1878) when a young girl came back home with a burden of urban experience. The talks of ordinary rustics, ironical remarks of collective wisdom can be found in many of Hardy’s novels. The hero who identified himself clearly and firmly as the last yeoman survived, symbolized the whole class of English farmers, noble yeomen, who traced their history for a century and had a lot of merits to their nation. The similar personage from The Return of the Native, a travelling salesman, who supplied ochre for sheep, is a person of disappearing profession. Urging the nobility to fight he reproduced the call of the King Henry V from Shakespeare’s drama, who appeals to English warriors before the battle of Agincourt. Peasants, ploughmen, and warriors were a strong force of the English nation for many centuries. Being industrious, brave and very united they were a model of goodness for people. Shakespeare’s Hamlet said that his writing skill had helped him in a difficult situation like a yeoman of great constancy. The most attractive features of yeomanry such as honesty, kind-heartedness, faithfulness, glorified in The Rhymes of Robin Hood are found in the hero of The Woodlanders. Gile’s death revealed the reasons of the tragedy and moral conflict of the parties. Although the theme of life and marriage were presented in all novels of Thomas Hardy’s cycle, it was for the first time in The Woodlanders when the conflict of lovers and society became so evident, being of great importance for European literature of the second half of the XIX century, in particular, in the works of Leo Tolstoy and Henrik Ibsen.
SGEM Research areas:
Year:
2016
Type of Publication:
In Proceedings
Keywords:
Late Victorian fiction; literary palimpsest; Thomas Hardy
Volume:
16
SGEM Book title:
3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM2016, Vienna Extended Session
Book number:
3.1
SGEM Series:
International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts-SGEM
Pages:
87-94
Publisher address:
51 Al. Malinov blvd, Sofia, 1712, Bulgaria
SGEM supporters:
SWS Scholarly Society; Acad Sci Czech Republ; Latvian Acad Sci; Polish Acad Sci; Russian Acad Sci; Serbian Acad Sci & Arts; Natl Acad Sci Ukraine; Natl Acad Sci Armenia; Sci Council Japan; European Acad Sci, Arts & Letters; Acad Fine Arts Zagreb Croatia; C
Period:
06-09 April, 2016
ISBN:
978-619-7105-52-0
ISSN:
2367-5659
Conference:
3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM2016, Vienna Extended Session, 06-09 April, 2016
DOI:
10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2016/HB31/S02.012
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