INFLUENCE OF CROSS-CULTURAL HERITAGE PERCEPTIONS ON CULTURAL TOURISM AND THE IMPLICATIONS ON RESIDENTS-TOURISTS INTERACTION IN LEBANON

  • Chaddad, R.
Abstract:
Cultural tourism plays a major role in bridging cultural boundaries through residents-tourists interaction. This study provides, from a community-based perspective, a deeper understanding of cross-cultural interaction between residents and different tourist categories as measured by the heritage perception of each party in the two Lebanese cities of Byblos and Baalbek, of Christian and Muslim majority respectively. Literature review and 45 personal interviews with religious, political, socio-cultural, and public figures revealed heritage perception of key players on the local, national, regional, and international level. Moreover, 509 questionnaires were collected in Baalbek and Byblos between July and September of 2015 via two qualitative surveys in order to better understand heritage perception on four different levels (Residents, Lebanese excursionists, Arab tourists, and international tourists). Data was analyzed using SPSS version 20. Analytical results unveiled that religion affects the way residents perceive heritage. These diverse heritage perceptions bind the development of cultural tourism and give rise to religious or recreational tourism. Typological findings of the tourists’ diverse heritage perceptions and the residents’ heritage perception have led to various residents-tourists interactions. This study adds to the existing intercultural interaction models by presenting a new approach on heritage perception from the residents’ perspective. It also suggests residents-tourists interaction as key for sustainable tourism through the promotion of peace in touristic destinations.
SGEM Research areas:
Year:
2016
Type of Publication:
In Proceedings
Keywords:
Heritage perceptions; cultural tourism; residents-tourists interaction; residents’ perspective; Lebanon
Volume:
16
SGEM Book title:
3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM2016, Vienna Extended Session
Book number:
3.1
SGEM Series:
International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts-SGEM
Pages:
121-132
Publisher address:
51 Al. Malinov blvd, Sofia, 1712, Bulgaria
SGEM supporters:
SWS Scholarly Society; Acad Sci Czech Republ; Latvian Acad Sci; Polish Acad Sci; Russian Acad Sci; Serbian Acad Sci & Arts; Natl Acad Sci Ukraine; Natl Acad Sci Armenia; Sci Council Japan; European Acad Sci, Arts & Letters; Acad Fine Arts Zagreb Croatia; C
Period:
06-09 April, 2016
ISBN:
978-619-7105-52-0
ISSN:
2367-5659
Conference:
3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM2016, Vienna Extended Session, 06-09 April, 2016
DOI:
10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2016/HB31/S02.016
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