PERIPHERY AS AN ANTHROPOLOGICAL PHENOMENON: TEXT OF DAUGAVPILS

  • Burima, M.
  • Kupsane, I.
  • Meskova, S.
  • Vasiljeva, E.
Abstract:
Various political, economic, and social processes of the contemporary period have enhanced the interest in the phenomenon and theories of periphery. Present-day area studies specifically focus on the issue of the impact of periphery on the structure of the country; however, the vision of a writer in periphery on his/her country is another traditionally studied aspect that still offers many insights. The present paper investigates the visions of Latgale, the south-eastern region of Latvia, and its largest town Daugavpils provided by the writers from Latvia in different historical periods and stages of their life: Irma Grebzde, Inga Abele, Anita Liepa, Valentin Kobyakov. The methodology of the research is based on the anthropological approach – excerpting of social concepts (ethnos, a historical event, stereotypes, memory, mental maps, centre/periphery, etc.) in a text of fiction by means of culture-critical text interpretation methods. The research is based on the theoretical discourse of semio-sphere. It is linked to a definite semiotic homogeneity and individuality as regarded by M. Bakhtin, Y. Lotman, P. Torop, etc. In the disciplinary terminological field of the Tartu–Moscow School of semiotics of culture, ‘semiosphere’ is connected with terms ‘language — secondary modelling system — text — culture’. An important functional and structural position in the texts concerned with periphery is a border representation in the semiotic perspective. The prose fiction works by the regarded writers produce a model of Latgale and Daugavpils determined by time and space distance. The unifying factor in the depiction of Latgale and Daugavpils, irrespectively of the historical period actualized in the text, is the dominant of the rural space, its idyllic interpretation, marginalization of the urban space and ironically alienated portrayal of the town. Studies of a text in periphery in the anthropological discourse provide a new perspective on historical events.
SGEM Research areas:
Year:
2016
Type of Publication:
In Proceedings
Keywords:
periphery; text of Daugavpils; area studies; autobiographical writing of authors from Latgale; mental mapping
Volume:
16
SGEM Book title:
3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM2016, Vienna Extended Session
Book number:
3.1
SGEM Series:
International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts-SGEM
Pages:
171-178
Publisher address:
51 Al. Malinov blvd, Sofia, 1712, Bulgaria
SGEM supporters:
SWS Scholarly Society; Acad Sci Czech Republ; Latvian Acad Sci; Polish Acad Sci; Russian Acad Sci; Serbian Acad Sci & Arts; Natl Acad Sci Ukraine; Natl Acad Sci Armenia; Sci Council Japan; European Acad Sci, Arts & Letters; Acad Fine Arts Zagreb Croatia; C
Period:
06-09 April, 2016
ISBN:
978-619-7105-52-0
ISSN:
2367-5659
Conference:
3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM2016, Vienna Extended Session, 06-09 April, 2016
DOI:
10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2016/HB31/S02.022
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