PUBLIC HOLIDAYS AND FESTIVITIES IN TOTALITARIAN REGIMES: CASE OF SLOVAK REPUBLIC 1939 – 1945

  • Mikulasova, A.
  • Palarik, M.
Abstract:
The break-up of Czechoslovakia and the creation of an independent Slovak state in March 1939 were accompanied by huge changes in the political system. Political pluralism was preplaced by totalitarian system. In totalitarian regimes, public holidays and various official festivities used to have special significance. Their celebrations and accompanying programmes intensively affected collective memory, they allowed fastening of national awareness, confirmation and manifestation of political conviction. On the other hand, celebrating might have intimidating effect to regime opponents. They symbolically occupied public areas in particular towns. They provided the opportunity to create a delusion of citizens? agreement with the regime. The article focuses on public holidays and official festivities in Slovak republic during the WWII, e.g. declaration of the state anniversary (March 14), Labour Day (May 1), Saints Cyril and Methodius? Day (July 5), and commemorations of some personalities and their anniversaries (e.g. German Chancellor Adolf Hitler, president of Slovak republic Jozef Tiso, prime minister of Slovak republic Vojtech Tuka), commemoration of death personalities, e.g. founder of ruling political party and fighter for Slovak autonomy in the interwar period Andrej Hlinka and Slovak politician, diplomat and scientist Milan Rastislav Stefanik, who contributed to the disintegration of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1918. Some of these holidays and official festivities were newly incorporated into the state calendar, some were traditional and in some cases the ideological meaning was notably changed. Research was conducted on example of middle size Slovak town of Nitra, based on archival sources and contemporary press.
SGEM Research areas:
Year:
2016
Type of Publication:
In Proceedings
Keywords:
Slovak republic 1939 – 1945; public holiday; festivities; totalitarian regimes
Volume:
16
SGEM Book title:
3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM2016, Vienna Extended Session
Book number:
3.1
SGEM Series:
International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts-SGEM
Pages:
203-210
Publisher address:
51 Al. Malinov blvd, Sofia, 1712, Bulgaria
SGEM supporters:
SWS Scholarly Society; Acad Sci Czech Republ; Latvian Acad Sci; Polish Acad Sci; Russian Acad Sci; Serbian Acad Sci & Arts; Natl Acad Sci Ukraine; Natl Acad Sci Armenia; Sci Council Japan; European Acad Sci, Arts & Letters; Acad Fine Arts Zagreb Croatia; C
Period:
06-09 April, 2016
ISBN:
978-619-7105-52-0
ISSN:
2367-5659
Conference:
3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM2016, Vienna Extended Session, 06-09 April, 2016
DOI:
10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2016/HB31/S02.026
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