THE ORTHODOX CLERGY IN THE OCCUPIED TERRITORIES OF NORTHWEST OF RUSSIA IN 1941-1944

  • Kulik, S.
  • Aladyshkin, I.
  • Samylovskaya, E.
Abstract:
The article is devoted to the activities of Orthodox priests who were on the occupied territories of the Northwest of Russia during the WWII. Basing on the analysis of the insufficiently studied archival sources and Russian historiography, we examined the position of Orthodox clergy during the Nazi occupation. The authors pay attention to the fact that priests found themselves in the center of ideological confrontation of the Nazi and Soviet propaganda. Nazi occupants laid their hopes on the religious factor in their propagandistic policy; therefore, they were reviving the religious cult: Orthodox churches were opened and religious structures were created (“Orthodox Mission”). Correspondingly, only at the beginning of 1942 partisans and rebels realized the importance of the clergy involvement into the fight against the invaders. Before that, they continued their anti-religious policy towards the Russian Orthodox Church: all priests are persecuted as enemies of the Soviet regime and Nazi collaborators. Since 1942, the priests actively helped partisans, carrying out reconnaissance and sometimes acts of terrorism. They also carried out the anti-nazi agitation and propaganda among the population and provided the means for the defense fund. As a result, the authors have come to the conclusion that, despite the on-going repression against the Russian Orthodox Church, many priests supported the Soviet resistance movement. Contrary to the expectations of the Nazis the churches to become the center of anti-Soviet propaganda, they became centers of Russian national identity.
SGEM Research areas:
Year:
2016
Type of Publication:
In Proceedings
Keywords:
Orthodox clergy; Russian Orthodox Church; WWII; Nazi occupation; Northwest of Russian; collaboration; Soviet resistance movement.
Volume:
16
SGEM Book title:
3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM2016, Vienna Extended Session
Book number:
3.1
SGEM Series:
International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts-SGEM
Pages:
279-284
Publisher address:
51 Al. Malinov blvd, Sofia, 1712, Bulgaria
SGEM supporters:
SWS Scholarly Society; Acad Sci Czech Republ; Latvian Acad Sci; Polish Acad Sci; Russian Acad Sci; Serbian Acad Sci & Arts; Natl Acad Sci Ukraine; Natl Acad Sci Armenia; Sci Council Japan; European Acad Sci, Arts & Letters; Acad Fine Arts Zagreb Croatia; C
Period:
06-09 April, 2016
ISBN:
978-619-7105-52-0
ISSN:
2367-5659
Conference:
3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM2016, Vienna Extended Session, 06-09 April, 2016
DOI:
10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2016/HB31/S02.036
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