THE POLISH QUESTION AND THE RELATIONS OF WESTERN ALLIES AND THE SOVIETS IN LATE 1944: HOW AND WHY THE PROPAGANDA APPARATUS OF THE INDEPENDENT STATE OF CROATIA DECLARED THE WARSAW UPRISING A HEROIC ANTI-BOLSHEVIC STRIFE

  • Labus, A.
Abstract:
Based on archival records and newspapers, and using the example of the Polish question in 1944, the paper analyzes the influence of political goals of the Ustasha leadership on the content of the dailies and weeklies in the Independent State of Croatia (the NDH). It accentuates the relations of the Western Allies and the Soviets on the example of the liberation of Poland and the formation of the new government. It also reveals the ways in which the propaganda apparatus of the NDH, a satellite state of the Third Reich, exploited the issue in order to form public opinion. The Warsaw Uprising is used as an example of the absurdity of Ustasha propaganda, which celebrated the Polish rebellion against the German occupiers and their heroic struggle, while their fellow soldiers breached the Gothic Line in the Kingdom of Italy, at the very same time, on the side of the Western Allies. Using documents published by the state propaganda agencies and newspaper articles, the author detects the aims of the regime’s propaganda at the end of the war. Their goal was to convince the citizens of the NDH that there was no alternative to cooperation with their German ally, since the Allied Forces had allegedly already surrendered Eastern Europe to the Soviet Union. In addition, they wanted to create an atmosphere of fear and panic in regards to the Soviets and their allies in the former Kingdom of Yugoslavia, the National Liberation Movement, and so achieve mobilization of the NDH citizens in their strife against Bolshevism, and in order to preserve the NDH. The paper emphasizes the extent to which the political goals of the Ustasha leadership determined the content of the media, which was a trait of most totalitarian regimes during the Second World War, purposefully modelled on the Third Reich and the Kingdom of Italy in Europe.
SGEM Research areas:
Year:
2016
Type of Publication:
In Proceedings
Keywords:
The Second World War; the Independent State of Croatia; propaganda; the Polish question; the Western Allies; the Soviets; the Third Reich
Volume:
16
SGEM Book title:
3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM2016, Vienna Extended Session
Book number:
3.1
SGEM Series:
International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts-SGEM
Pages:
293-300
Publisher address:
51 Al. Malinov blvd, Sofia, 1712, Bulgaria
SGEM supporters:
SWS Scholarly Society; Acad Sci Czech Republ; Latvian Acad Sci; Polish Acad Sci; Russian Acad Sci; Serbian Acad Sci & Arts; Natl Acad Sci Ukraine; Natl Acad Sci Armenia; Sci Council Japan; European Acad Sci, Arts & Letters; Acad Fine Arts Zagreb Croatia; C
Period:
06-09 April, 2016
ISBN:
978-619-7105-52-0
ISSN:
2367-5659
Conference:
3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM2016, Vienna Extended Session, 06-09 April, 2016
DOI:
10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2016/HB31/S02.038
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