ELITES AND POWER. BOYAR CONSPIRACIES IN MOLDAVIA IN THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY

  • Ploscaru, N. C.
Abstract:
The paper that I propose has as main theme of study the power, in its political, social, ideological and symbolic articulations. The historical investigation assumed focuses on 18th century Moldavia, with some chronological extensions (from the end of the 17th century until the Organic Regulations), dictated by the necessity of a better historical understanding. Of course, I cannot propose an exhaustive research of the political phenomena in the reference period. I focus only on one problem, precisely circumscribed to the theme, but relevant as expression of the movements of men, interests, ideas, projects in the political space, seen as a field of power, with the meaning defined by Michel Foucault. I have in mind those demarches among the elite the boyars which took the form of some conspiracies, aiming to create solidarities for a plan, to obtain external support, with the purpose to renew the power, in accordance with the expectations of the society. The distinction we make between the ordinary intrigues of the boyars and these conspiracies is essential for this demarche, because it covers, in my understanding, a more complex reality. First of all, it is about assuming in the sight of the country and in exposed to the community, of a political act that proposed the overthrowing of the legitimate Prince, to whom they owed submission and obedience. Another visible dimension was the social one, the disobedient sought support in the depth of the society, based on the patronage relations, which derived from kinship and services, in order to confer power and legitimating to their demarche. Also, the external support and the texts proposed by the disobedient illustrate the acute need to claim assert the legitimacy of their act, to place it outside the sphere of a condemnable demarche, of betrayal, in order to avoid, in the perception of the society, their placement in the register of a negative alterity, linked only to personal ambitions and desire of enrichment. One of the most difficult methodological challenges regards the terminology, the political vocabulary from that epoch was rather poor and lacked in precision. That is why, an inventory of the terms discovered in the documentary and narrative sources will have to be followed by a history of words. In a century in which the diverse external influences Ottoman, Greek, Russian and even French make themselves felt through new words introduced in the political vocabulary, the older ones change their previous meaning and this aspect has to be in the attention of the historian, for a proper interpretation of the sources. Another aspect that constitutes an essential part of the research proposed concerns the configuration of the social solidarities and group loyalties which manifest themselves in the context of these opposition political actions.
SGEM Research areas:
Year:
2016
Type of Publication:
In Proceedings
Keywords:
History; power; conspiracies
Volume:
16
SGEM Book title:
3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM 2016
Book number:
3.2
SGEM Series:
International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts-SGEM
Pages:
373-380
Publisher address:
51 Al. Malinov blvd, Sofia, 1712, Bulgaria
SGEM supporters:
SWS Scholarly Society; Acad Sci Czech Republ; Latvian Acad Sci; Polish Acad Sci; Russian Acad Sci; Serbian Acad Sci & Arts; Natl Acad Sci Ukraine; Natl Acad Sci Armenia; Sci Council Japan; European Acad Sci, Arts & Letters; Acad Fine Arts Zagreb Croatia; C
Period:
24 - 30 August, 2016
ISBN:
978-619-7105-77-3
ISSN:
2367-5659
Conference:
3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM 2016, 24 - 30 August, 2016
DOI:
10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2016/B32/S10.047
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