GENESIS OF RADICAL ISLAMIC IDEOLOGY (VII – XX CENTURIES)

  • Kudelin, A. A.
  • Bazanova, E. A.
  • Zueva, E. G.
  • Lapshin, I. E.
Abstract:
The problem of genesis of the ideology of radical Islamic organizations, is actually very important. That’s why it is necessary to perform the development of the concept of political authority in Sunni Islam since the death of the prophet Muhammad to the early XX century, when was born the first modern radical Islamic organization – the “Society of the Muslim Brothers” in Egypt. During the study, we conclude that the main cause of genesis of the ideology of radical Islamic organizations of the XX – early XXI century was a fundamental divergence between the theories of Sunni Sharia and political practice. Theoretically, the head of the Muslim community – Caliph – should have full religious and political power in the community, but from the middle of VII century religious and political power in the Sunni community almost never focused in the same hands. This was, according to the ideologues of radical Islam, the cause of moral degradation of the Muslims, which led to the political decline of the world of Islam, which resulted in colonial dependence on Western countries. The basis for the research is based on analysis of the main sources of Islam – the Qur'an and Sunnah and the writings of Muslim authors as Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Ibn Taymiyyah and Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab, that are used by radical Islamic organizations of the XX – early XXI century as the base for their ideology. The study concludes that the ideology of radical Islamic organizations of the XX – early XXI century is quite different from those of the sources it appeals to.
SGEM Research areas:
Year:
2016
Type of Publication:
In Proceedings
Keywords:
Sunni Islam; radical Islamic ideology; Ahmad ibn Hanbal; Ibn Taymiyyah; Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab
Volume:
16
SGEM Book title:
3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM 2016
Book number:
3.2
SGEM Series:
International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts-SGEM
Pages:
395-402
Publisher address:
51 Al. Malinov blvd, Sofia, 1712, Bulgaria
SGEM supporters:
SWS Scholarly Society; Acad Sci Czech Republ; Latvian Acad Sci; Polish Acad Sci; Russian Acad Sci; Serbian Acad Sci & Arts; Natl Acad Sci Ukraine; Natl Acad Sci Armenia; Sci Council Japan; European Acad Sci, Arts & Letters; Acad Fine Arts Zagreb Croatia; C
Period:
24 - 30 August, 2016
ISBN:
978-619-7105-77-3
ISSN:
2367-5659
Conference:
3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM 2016, 24 - 30 August, 2016
DOI:
10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2016/B32/S10.050
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