MOUNTAIN IN NORTHERN LANDSCAPE: EPIC SPACE AND REAL PLACES

  • Zamorshchikova, L.
  • Nakhodkina, A.
Abstract:
The representation of the northern landscape in a narrative memory and the modeling of the mental map of imaginary space in culture is are one of the goals of the research project “Landscape ontology: semantics, semiotics, and geographic modeling” (¹ 15-18-20047, funded by the Russian Science Foundation). The study of landscape ontology aims to identify and to understand the space through the lens of landscape ontology analysis, based on comprehensive study of geographic sources (toponymic glossaries, maps), but also the sources related to the “imagined space” (epic spaces, narrative stories, myths and legends about some place) defined environment in a cultural context. This paper is devoted to study the peculiarity of mountain’s images in the northern culture in the text of the yakut heroic epic-olonkho “Nurgun Botur the Swift” and its representation in contemporary culture. The research approach is based on comprehensive study of different discourse: the epic text, the ethnographic data about space representation for northern people in their collective memory, as well the concept of choice of place for organisation of cultural activities in the republic, including some ones aimed to promote the tourism. In 40th of the 19th century Middendorf recorded the Yakut myth that the Aiyy God created the earth beautiful and smooth but the evil spirit Abaahy trampled down and scratched it. The results of his acts stayed in the shape of lakes, rivers and mountains. In cosmological system of Yakut epic mountain is a vertical locus not connected with earth and heaven, top and bottom that define its dual mythological nature: sacral and demonic. Functionally it is a prison for three criminals and is guarded by three dead warriors assigned by Gods of Fate from the Upper World. Three different places of mountain are chosen for analysis: the mountain in the place Orto Doydu in central region, sacred place for national holyday of solstice celebration, and the mountain of Kisilyakh in Verkhoyansk region, Pole of Cold in the North of Yakutia, considered as “place of power”, the place where the “Olympic flame” is lit for International Sport Games “Children of Asia”, hosted by Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) since 1996, and the mountain “Sopka liubvi” (The Hill of Love) integrated in the urban landscape and tourism promotion.
SGEM Research areas:
Year:
2016
Type of Publication:
In Proceedings
Keywords:
landscape; mountain; sacred place; traditional culture.
Volume:
16
SGEM Book title:
3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM 2016
Book number:
3.2
SGEM Series:
International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts-SGEM
Pages:
441-448
Publisher address:
51 Al. Malinov blvd, Sofia, 1712, Bulgaria
SGEM supporters:
SWS Scholarly Society; Acad Sci Czech Republ; Latvian Acad Sci; Polish Acad Sci; Russian Acad Sci; Serbian Acad Sci & Arts; Natl Acad Sci Ukraine; Natl Acad Sci Armenia; Sci Council Japan; European Acad Sci, Arts & Letters; Acad Fine Arts Zagreb Croatia; C
Period:
24 - 30 August, 2016
ISBN:
978-619-7105-77-3
ISSN:
2367-5659
Conference:
3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM 2016, 24 - 30 August, 2016
DOI:
10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2016/B32/S10.056
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