THE ENEMY OF MY ENEMY: COLLABORATIONISM AMONG RUSSIAN EMIGRANTS IN EUROPE DURING THE SECOND WORLD WAR

  • Turygina, N.
Abstract:
The wake of the Russian Revolution and Russian Civil War caused numerous wave of emigrants from Russia mostly considered as being in opposition to the contemporary Russian political climate. The main paths from Russia agreed with the retreats of the White Army, hence the name of this emigration as White. Many white emigres believed it was their duty to remain active in combat against the Soviet Union, with the hopes of "liberating" Russia. They formed various organizations for this purpose such as the Russian All-Military Union, the Brotherhood of Russian Truth, and the NTS. This ideology was put into practice during the Second World War. The task of this paper is to overview the main forms of collaboration of Russian emigration in Europe with the Nazis, to analyze the motivation of such behavior and to compare the most outstanding activities: participation in the Winter war 1939-1940, participation in the Russian Liberation Movement and the Russian Liberation Army under command of A. Vlasov and participation in the Russian Corps in Serbia. The author comes to conclusion that hoping to conduct independent policy the Russian White emigration failed to understand that they were not an independent actor of the international relations, but the means of propaganda and a tiny part of the Nazi machine. And this is the tragedy of more than 20 thousand people serving in military troops and those who worked for the Nazis during the Second World War.
SGEM Research areas:
Year:
2016
Type of Publication:
In Proceedings
Keywords:
Russian Emigration; Second World War; Nazi; Russian Liberation Movement; Collaboration.
Volume:
16
SGEM Book title:
3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM 2016
Book number:
3.2
SGEM Series:
International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts-SGEM
Pages:
529-536
Publisher address:
51 Al. Malinov blvd, Sofia, 1712, Bulgaria
SGEM supporters:
SWS Scholarly Society; Acad Sci Czech Republ; Latvian Acad Sci; Polish Acad Sci; Russian Acad Sci; Serbian Acad Sci & Arts; Natl Acad Sci Ukraine; Natl Acad Sci Armenia; Sci Council Japan; European Acad Sci, Arts & Letters; Acad Fine Arts Zagreb Croatia; C
Period:
24 - 30 August, 2016
ISBN:
978-619-7105-77-3
ISSN:
2367-5659
Conference:
3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM 2016, 24 - 30 August, 2016
DOI:
10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2016/B32/S10.068
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