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Subjectivity-in-Dialogue: the Use of Epistolary Narrative in Contemporary Womens Life Writing
The purpose of the research is analyzing models of epistolary narrative used in contemporary women's life writing on the example of texts by Latvian writer Margita Gutmane, Romanian author Irina Grigorescu Pana, and Canadian prose fiction writer Alice Munro. Methodology of the research is comparative analysis of narrative elements used in auto/biographical texts.
The elements of the epistolary genre letter, diary, personal notes, etc. are used with the aim of creating the effect of authenticity and enhancing verisimilitude in text, thus epistolary narrative is of specific importance in auto/biographical texts and life writing. The present paper investigates the communicative aspect of epistolary narrative in life writing of Latvian poet Margita Gutmane, Romanian author and literary scholar Irina Grigorescu Pana, and Canadian prose fiction writer Alice Munro. The choice of the authors and their texts is based on an intention to discuss diverse models and goals of applying epistolary narrative in life writing.
M.Gutmanes Vestules matei (Letters to Mother, 1998) comprises a sequence ofletters produced in the autodiegetic narrators mind to her deceased mother. The text hasa complex communicative structure produced by a double figure of narrator/impliedauthor and narratee, and the implied reader. The multilayered structure ofcommunication between these figures enhances the psychologically dramatic process ofthe narrators self-exploration and triggers off a vast array of thematic issues, e.g. exile,home, language and foreign and native language, etc.
I.G. Panas Melbourne Sundays (1998) is closer to authentic epistolary genre,produced as autodiegetic narrators letters to her sister who has remained in socialistRomania, while the narrator has emigrated to Australia and writes back home about herdaily life and impressions. In Panas text, the figures of narrator and narratee are moredetermined and the bond between them is an essential prerequisite of stable identity inthe situation of exile and bilingual communication.
A.Munro applies epistolary discourse in a broad range, constructing the narrative asexchange of letters, including fragments of letters, and using meta-epistolarity orepistolary illusion (Rebekka Schuhs term). The present paper regards the use ofepistolary elements in Munros short story collection Too Much Happiness (2009).
narratology; life writing; Alice Munro; Irina G. Pana; narrator; narratee
SGEM Book title:
7th SWS International Scientific Conference on Arts And Humanities - ISCAH 2020
SWS International Scientific Conferences on ART and HUMANITIES - ISCAH
51 Al. Malinov blvd, Sofia, 1712, Bulgaria
SWS Scholarly Society; Acad Sci Czech Republ; Latvian Acad Sci; Polish Acad Sci; Russian Acad Sci; Serbian Acad Sci & Arts; Natl Acad Sci Ukraine; Natl Acad Sci Armenia; Sci Council Japan; European Acad Sci, Arts & Letters; Acad Fine Arts Zagreb Croatia; C
26-27 October, 2020, https://sgemflorence.org
7th SWS International Scientific Conference on Arts And Humanities - ISCAH 2020, 26-27 October, 2020