METHODOLOGICAL APPROACH TO THE MEASUREMENT OF ABILITY TO ADEQUATE INTERPRETATION OF NONVERBAL BEHAVIOR
2nd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM2015, www.sgemsocial.org , SGEM2015 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-44-5 / ISSN 2367-5659 , Aug 26 - Sept 01; Book 1, Vol. 1, 133 - 140 pp
The methodological approach to abilities composition and measurement of adequate interpretation of nonverbal behavior is based, from one side, on those features of human nonverbal behavior, nonverbal expression of personality that are identified in numerous studies, from the other side, it takes into account the characteristics of psychological interpretation of expression, deliberate encoding of expression, and, from the third side, it is based on fundamental assumptions concerning the nature of social abilities, social and emotional intelligence. Ability to psychological interpretation and adequate understanding of nonverbal behavior is multi-component and includes a number of abilities which diagnostics supposes the consideration of different social-perceptive and communicative tasks types.
Design methods of the «Measure of Ability to Adequate Interpretation of Nonverbal Behavior». Diagnostics of the level of adequate interpretation of nonverbal behavior is realized in several stages: At the first stage the level of inference into different nonverbal behavior forms is identified. It includes individual nonverbal behavior (elements of individual nonverbal behavior), nonverbal behavior of dyad and group, ability to establish the associations between elements and individual forms of nonverbal behavior. At the second stage the level of nonverbal behavior interpretation is registered: psychological and socio-psychological. It is measured as adequacy of emotional states recognition, establishment of relations between nonverbal behavior and personality traits, adequate evaluation of target’s attitudes and relationships. At the third stage the level of nonverbal regulation of relationships in dyad and group is tested. The level of adequate management of nonverbal behavior as a regulation tool of relationships in communication is registered. At the fourth stage the level of ability to encoding of expressive behavior, to control and management of expression is measured.
Summarizing, adequacy of recognition and understanding of different forms of nonverbal behavior, adequacy of activation of nonverbal behavior patterns for relationships regulation, adequacy of expression management (encoding) compose the integral indicator of the ability to adequate interpretation of nonverbal behavior and allow to define the types of perception. Ability to psychological interpretation of nonverbal behavior consists of a number of sub-abilities which could be assessed through various types of social-perceptive and communication tasks. Adequacy of recognition and understanding of nonverbal behavior forms, adequacy of implementation of nonverbal behavior patterns in relationships regulation; adequacy of expression regulation (encoding) are integral indicators of the ability to adequate interpretation of nonverbal behavior. The actual version of the «Measure of Ability to Adequate Interpretation of Nonverbal Behavior» contains 9 «tasks» combined in four groups.
Keywords: social abilities, nonverbal behavior, interpretation of nonverbal behavior, ability structure
PAPER DOI: 10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2015/B11/S1.018 : METHODOLOGICAL APPROACH TO THE MEASUREMENT OF ABILITY TO ADEQUATE INTERPRETATION OF NONVERBAL BEHAVIOR
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