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DOI: 10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2015/B11/S2.082

INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION IN ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY AS A FACTOR OF GLOBAL DISSEMINATION OF PUBLIC COMPUTER NETWORKS (1962-2000)

S. Shirin
Tuesday 15 September 2015 by Libadmin2015

References:
2nd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM2015, www.sgemsocial.org , SGEM2015 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-44-5 / ISSN 2367-5659 , Aug 26 - Sept 01; Book 1, Vol. 1, 643 - 648 pp

ABSTRACT
The author focuses on arguably the most significant phenomenon of networking in the last third of the 20th century, public computer networks which are largely connected into a single global information network, the Internet. The predecessor of the Internet - ARPAnet - was the US defence project, thus international cooperation of any sort was initially out of the question. But further such cooperation got objective causes: development of technologies, the need to operate and control a complex global infrastructure, a social aspect (the appeal of the broad community of Internet engineers), and, finally, commercialization. In the article, the author examines the influence of international cooperation on the development and global dissemination of public computer networks and comes to the conclusion that the interests of international community did not determine the way of development of public computer networks from 1962 to 2000. International cooperation in engineering and technology only was yet another factor of the global dissemination of public computer networks in that period of time.

Keywords: internet, ARPA, NPL, IETF, W3C

PAPER DOI: 10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2015/B11/S2.082 : INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION IN ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY AS A FACTOR OF GLOBAL DISSEMINATION OF PUBLIC COMPUTER NETWORKS (1962-2000)

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