CORRELATIONS BETWEEN PARENTAL TREATMENT AND FAMILY RITUALS
References: International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM2014, www.sgemsocial.org , SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-22-3 / ISSN 2367-5659, September 1-9, 2014, Book 1, Vol. 1, 91-98 pp
Background: The family is the primary scene of socialization therefore it determines the child’s development substantially. The style of the parents’ child rearing is one factor in the development process. This study examines three types of parenting styles: the dimension of support and affection, the dimension of restrictive control, and the dimension of overprotection. The child’s emotional and behavioral features relate strongly to the use of these strategies. The presence of rituals in the life of the family have positive effects on the development of children.
Methods: The aim of the study is to examine if the characteristics of the parenting style influence the family rituals. We assumed that the quality of time indicates the parenting stlye used in the family (for example: quality time is more frequent in an affectionate family). Our sample consisted of 655 persons (150 boys and 505 girls), with the average age of 19,09 years (st.dev.: 2,68 yrs). We administered the Parental Bonding Instrument (H-PBI) and the Family Rituals Questionnaire (FRQ) with every participant. We established groups based on similar parenting styles and checked the coherence with family rituals. The analysis of collected data was completed with IBM SPSS 20.
Results: The results support our hypothesis: there is a correlation between the quality of parenting style and effect of family rituals. Rituals like quality time and recreational activities are more common in a family where at least one of the parents use the strategy of support and affection on the highest level. On the contrary, in the case of uninvolved families (where none of the parenting styles is typical) there is significantly less togetherness.
Conclusions: we can induce the parenting style by the characteristics, frequency and content of family rituals and passtime. As helping professionals, we can have insight on the family’s emotional atmosphere and parent-child relationship based on the quality of time spent together.
Keywords: developmental psychology, parenting style, family rituals
PAPER DOI: 10.5593/sgemsocial2014/B11/S1.013: CORRELATIONS BETWEEN PARENTAL TREATMENT AND FAMILY RITUALS
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