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DOI: 10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2015/B23/S7.036

FINANCING PRACTICES OF TRAINING IN ROMANIAN SMES

M.C. Olteanu Adam
Monday 28 September 2015 by Libadmin2015

References:
2nd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM2015, www.sgemsocial.org , SGEM2015 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-48-3 / ISSN 2367-5659 , Aug 26-Sept 01; Book 2, Vol. 3, 283 - 292 pp

ABSTRACT
This article highlights funding practices of training in SMEs in many European countries, with a focus on Romanian SMEs. During last two decades local governments have initiated local financing schemes especially for formal training, in Romania, in UK and in other European countries, neglecting the informal character of learning, specific to SMEs (Ashton, 2008; Bishop, 2015). Even if statistical data on training in Romania for the last decade - obtained from previous surveys and studies - is not continuous and heterogeneous, we may conclude that the level of training accession is considerably low (compared to the European average); besides, training public funds are disproportionate to the number of SMEs in Romania. The accessing obstacles may be explained by three relevant factors: 1) the weak level of public policy adapting to SMEs specificities, 2) the low priority addressed to SMEs learning by structural funds in Romania and the weak cohesion between these funds (e.g., the Sectoral Operational Programme Human Resources Development 2007-2013, the Sectoral Operational Programme for Increase of Economic Competitiveness), 3) the employers’ perception of the shared responsibility of learning culture (between employee and employer in a SME). The article includes a set of recommendations and further developing ideas, in order to improve funding practices in Romanian SMEs.

Keywords: SMEs, informal learning, public policy, structural funds