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DOI: 10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2016/B12/S02.029

CARIES EXPERIENCE IN SCHOOL CHILDREN- HEALTH AND SOCIAL PROBLEM

A.Begzati, A. Begzati, F. Haliti, V. Hyseni, V. Maxhuni
Monday 26 September 2016 by Libadmin2016

References: 3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM 2016, www.sgemsocial.org, SGEM2016 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-71-1 / ISSN 2367-5659, 24 - 31 August, 2016, Book 1 Vol. 2, 229-234pp, DOI: 10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2016/B12/S02.029

ABSTRACT
Introduction and Aim Dental caries is one of the most prevalent diseases in children worldwide. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that dental caries is perhaps the most prevalent infectious diseases in children. Dental caries in school children represents health and social problem, especially when the treatment rate is very low. The purpose of the study is to determine the caries experience of caries among urban children, expressed by dmft-index. Material In study are involved 758 school children of 7-14 ages. School children were examined at various schools in Kosovo in period 2014-2015. This was a cross-sectional study conducted in randomly selected schools. Dental caries was scored as the number of decayed, missing, or filled primary teeth (DMFT), following the recommendations of the World Health Organization. DMFT are means to numerically express the caries experience and are obtained by calculating the number of: Decayed (D), Missing (M), and Filled (F) teeth (T). Diagnostic criteria were calibrated, with an inter-examination reliability of kappa index. The collected data were entered in Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS 13). The level of statistical significance was set at P=0.05. Results Our result shows that the prevalence of caries at the school children was around 94%. The mean DMFT index was 5.02 for all school children. The increase in the mean DMFT was related to age, increasing from 2.7 for 7-year-olds to 7.1 for 14-year-olds. There was no significant difference between the genders for any age group. Decay intensity was 20%. From the structure of DMFT index, untreated teeth were 75%. Conclusion The dental health of school children in Kosovo, as measured DMFT indices, was severely lacking. The high prevalence, high mean DMFT and high rate of untreated teeth, shows that the caries at school children of Kosovo represent a serious health and social problem.

Keywords: carries experience, school children, health promotion

PAPER DOI: 10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2016/B12/S02.029 ; CARIES EXPERIENCE IN SCHOOL CHILDREN- HEALTH AND SOCIAL PROBLEM

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