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DOI: 10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2016/B11/S01.010

COMPLEX PROBLEM SOLVING SKILLS, COGNITIVE ABILITIES AND EXECUTIVE FUNCTIONS: RELATIONSHIP AND LATENT VARIABLES

L. Ivanova, M. Rascevska
Wednesday 28 September 2016 by Libadmin2016

References: 3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM 2016, www.sgemsocial.org, SGEM2016 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-70-4 / ISSN 2367-5659, 24 - 31 August, 2016, Book 1 Vol. 1, 77-84 pp, DOI: 10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2016/B11/S01.010

ABSTRACT
The aim of this paper was to explore relationship between complex problem solving skills (CPS), cognitive abilities and executive functions and to test whether one or several latent factors can be found that underlie them. In two studies altogether 222 students aged 16 to 19 years were tested for their complex problem solving skills, fluid reasoning, verbal (analogical) reasoning, quantitative reasoning (number matrices), working memory (reversed number sequences) and executive functions: inhibition, set shifting and working memory updating. The results confirm tight relation between CPS and cognitive abilities, especially fluid reasoning. Preliminary results of factor analysis show that there is not a clear division between latent variables of CPS and cognitive abilities. However CPS form a separate factor from executive functions. The results support possible placement of CPS in the C-H-C model of the second stratum broad abilities, however, research should continue in a wider age range and sample.

Keywords: complex problem solving, cognitive abilities, executive functions, 16-19 year olds

PAPER DOI: 10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2016/B11/S01.010 ; COMPLEX PROBLEM SOLVING SKILLS, COGNITIVE ABILITIES AND EXECUTIVE FUNCTIONS: RELATIONSHIP AND LATENT VARIABLES

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