SATISFACTION WITH THE QUALITY OF LIFE IN THE ARCTIC REGION
References: 3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM 2016, www.sgemsocial.org, SGEM2016 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-70-4 / ISSN 2367-5659, 24 - 31 August, 2016, Book 1 Vol. 1, 329-336 pp, DOI: 10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2016/B11/S01.043
The quality of life in the Arctic regions of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) is significantly different from the quality of life of residents of central, southern and other regions of the country due to the remote geographical location, harsh weather conditions, the seasonal transport of goods and commodities. The aim of this study is to determine the characteristics of the evaluation of the quality of life in the Arctic region of the Republic of Sakha(Yakutia) for example, residents of the town Srednekolymsk, which is remote from the center of the Republic in the 2664 km. Methods: "The scale of assessment of life satisfaction (QLESQ)», questioning the quality of life for various reasons. The hypothesis of this study is the assumption that the satisfaction with the quality of life is linked with material security. The composition of 13 Arctic and the northern areas of the republic consists of 86 urban and rural areas, the population of which, was 69 395 persons or 7.3% of the total population as at 01.01.2014, the proportion of the rural population is - 60.8%. Since 1990, the number of population of the Arctic areas has declined by more than 2 times, and migration loss increased 1.5 times.
According to the results of the survey, it was revealed that the majority of respondents believe that the standard of living in the city below the subsistence minimum is - 69%. The greatest dissatisfaction is caused by such parameters of life as: "a lack of recreational facilities" - 68%, "Infrastructure of development" - 54%, "the state housing fund" - 38%. Residents believe that it is necessary to solve problems such as improvement of the city, improvement of roads, landscaping of the city, improvement and construction of playgrounds, parks, no recreation facilities, demolition of old buildings, providing hot and cold water. Also, residents have noted problems such as high commodity prices, medicines, air tickets. Furthermore, residents consider the acute the problem of the ecological situation in the city because of coal-fired boiler. Also there were revealed, the spheres of life, which are produced the most discomfort and dissatisfaction of respondents. It turned out that most of respondents are satisfied by their physical health, mood, work, relationships, family and sexual life. The greatest dissatisfaction is the economic situation of the respondents, however, by testing hypotheses using Pearson’s correlation coefficient there was found no relationship between financial security and satisfaction with the quality of life, which indicates that for the inhabitants of the Far North, tangible assets are less important than relationships with each other, work, hobbies and family.
Keywords: Arctic, quality of life, satisfaction.
PAPER DOI: 10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2016/B11/S01.043 ; SATISFACTION WITH THE QUALITY OF LIFE IN THE ARCTIC REGION
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