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DOI: 10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2016/B13/S03.072

IS EDUCATION A KEY TO REDUCE POVERTY IN ROMANIA?

C.A. Urean, V.P. Bresfelean
Thursday 29 September 2016 by Libadmin2016

References: 3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM 2016, www.sgemsocial.org, SGEM2016 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-72-8 / ISSN 2367-5659, 24-31 August, 2016, Book 1 Vol. 3, 557-564 pp, DOI: 10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2016/B13/S03.072

ABSTRACT
The objective of this paper is to analyze the role of education for poverty reduction in Romania. Education is a vital human right and plays a key role in human, social and economic development (Global Partnership for Education). Does the equal access to education have a key role in eradicating poverty, this socio-economic phenomenon that has accompanied human history over hundreds of years? We will use the descriptive analysis as research methodology, with the data examined from World Bank, EUROSTAT and National Institute of Statistics. In World Bank’s view, education - especially basic (primary and lower-secondary) education - helps reduce poverty by increasing the productivity of the poor, by reducing fertility and improving health, and by equipping people with the skills they need to fully participate in economy and society (World Bank, 1995). In Romania, education is based on a tuition-free, egalitarian system and the access to free education is guaranteed by Article 32 of the Romanian Constitution; but is education a key to reduce poverty? More educated - less poor?

Keywords: education, poverty, Romania, economic growth

PAPER DOI: 10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2016/B13/S03.072 ; IS EDUCATION A KEY TO REDUCE POVERTY IN ROMANIA?

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