RELATIONSHIPS AMONG ADAPTIVE AND MALDAPTIVE PERFECTIONISM AND PERCEIVED PARENTING STYLES
References: 3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM 2016, www.sgemsocial.org, SGEM2016 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-72-8 / ISSN 2367-5659, 24-31 August, 2016, Book 1 Vol. 3, 833-840 pp, DOI: 10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2016/B13/S03.109
Recent views of perfectionism propose a multidimensional conceptualisation of the construct in which positive or adaptive aspects of perfectionism are distinguished from those which are negative or maladaptive. To build on the understanding of the etiology of perfectionism, the current study aims at exploring the relationships among adaptive and maladaptive perfectionism and perceived parenting styles in a sample of 149 undergraduate students. The instruments used were (1) the Almost Perfect Scale-Revised (APS-R) , which measures the two types of perfectionism through three subscales: Standards, Discrepancy and Order, and (2) the Parental Authority Questionnaire (PAQ) , which assesses three parenting styles (permissive, authoritarian and authoritative) as conceptualised by Diana Baumrind. The study found significant positive correlations between adaptive perfectionism and reported authoritative parenting style (r = .17, p < .05) and maladaptive perfectionism and reported authoritarian parenting style (r = .25, p < .01). The multiple regression analysis showed that authoritative parenting is a significant predictor of adaptive perfectionism (β = .23, R2 = .07, p < .05), whereas authoritarian parenting is a significant predictor of maladaptive perfectionism (β = .37, R2 = .11, p < .001).
These findings suggest that parenting experience may influence the development of perfectionistic inclinations, but it is by far not the most salient factor as the multiple regression analysis models account for only 7% and 11% of the variances in the adaptive and maladaptive perfectionism variables. The relationships established in this study are intuitive and call for further hypotheses and research.
Keywords: adaptive perfectionism, maladaptive perfectionism, parenting styles.
PAPER DOI: 10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2016/B13/S03.109 ; RELATIONSHIPS AMONG ADAPTIVE AND MALDAPTIVE PERFECTIONISM AND PERCEIVED PARENTING STYLES
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