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DOI: 10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2016/B22/S05.111

THE PRIVATE PROSECUTION INSTITUTE AS AN INSTRUMENT OF COMBATING CORRUPTION: THE RUSSIAN EXPERIENCE AND FOREIGN PRACTICE

V. Strukova, E. Grohotova
Thursday 29 September 2016 by Libadmin2016

References: 3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM 2016, www.sgemsocial.org, SGEM2016 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-73-5 / ISSN 2367-5659, 24-31 August, 2016, Book 2 Vol. 2, 855-862 pp, DOI: 10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2016/B22/S05.111

ABSTRACT
The aim of the research conducted by the author is to study corruption which seems to be one of the most serious international problems of today that paralyses political, legal and economic development of many countries. The goal of the investigation is to create extraordinary legal approaches to fighting corruption by means of private prosecution institution.
Its methodology includes both general scientific methods and special juridical methods.
Main results of the research include the analysis of different options for fighting against corruption of all types at all levels, their systematization, revealing their positive and negative characteristics, motivated selection of the most effective ones and formulation of the new ones. It is proved that to fight corruption and abuse efficiently, participation of civil society institutions is of great importance. It is justified that one of the legal forms of such participation is the right of citizens to file a suit under the procedure of private prosecution concerning crimes committed against them and against public authority. So it is concluded that the anti-corruption program will be successful only if the institutions of civil society, able to take responsibility for innovative solutions in the field of struggle against criminality, will be involved into its implementation.
The results of the research establish a new basis for enrichment of anti-corruption social-legal processes by means of private prosecution institution, making appropriate amendments in the Russian Federation criminal and criminal procedure legislation to improve all the unique aspects of the institution, taking into consideration practices of the legal regulation of private prosecution institution in common law countries.

Keywords: corruption, fight against corruption, private prosecution institution, private prosecution in Russia, private prosecution abroad, private prosecution in common law countries.