ALAAS AS AN ELEMENT OF THE SACRED LANDSCAPE IN CONTEMPORARY CULTURE OF THE YAKUTS
References: 3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM 2016, www.sgemsocial.org, SGEM2016 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-77-3 / ISSN 2367-5659 , Aug 24-31, 2016, Book 3 Vol. 2, 17-22pp, DOI: 10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2016/B32/S08.003
Alaas (Yakut. Alaas) is a typical for lowland of Yakutia geological formation, which is a closed or semi-enclosed basin, more often, oval shape with a diameter of up to several kilometers and a depth of 30 m.
Alaas – main living space for inhabitants of Central Yakutia. In ethnographic terms the living space of the Yakuts were well described in the literature, the sacred value of “alaas” for modern Yakuts is almost not discribed.
This article based on field materials of 2013 – 2016, collected on the territory of Central Yakutia is the most dynamic, in terms of socio-cultural transformations of society, in the region of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) of the Russian Federation. Only in the Central Yakut plain has two major alaas having a special form of appeal: Khotun, Tungulu (Mrs. Tungulu) and Toyon the Muryu (Mr. Muryu) in Ust-aldanskiy ulus.
For the Yakuts living in the Central Yakutian plain, "alaas" are the center of the sacred landscape, because natural alaas landscape is fundamental in the maintenance of the pastoral economy. Traditional respect for large geographical features, especially rivers and alaas persists today.
Lake is also sacred as alaas, located in the lowland portion of the site. The lake also cannot be called by name, not to make noise and shout around lakes, abusive appeal to them. Quite clearly would be anthropomorphizing of alaas. So, listing names of individual places (alaasov), the local inhabitants stand out in it "ebe oyogogho" (side of mother), "Oroyo" (top), "ebe coottaga" (stomach).
Often, in addition to natural constituents, the sacredness of alaas due to anthropogenic factor. This archeological monuments, cemeteries, structures, shaman cult, the abandoned settlement "etekh" . The special category are the remains of the shaman cult, even today it is the most taboo objects of material and spiritual culture. Thus, the Alaas for Yakuts – the focus of the profane and sacred worlds. On the one hand, this is the place of permanent residence. Since the appearance of the Yakut ethnic group, the Central Yakuts always lived in the "Alaas", and here arised the modern villages and towns ("nehilek"). On the other hand, is filled with sacred narrative world, populated by spirits, and dotted trails.
Keywords: Alaas, Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), Yakut, Sacred landscape,
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