BODY MASS INDEX AND QUALITY OF LIFE IN ADULT UNIVERSITY STUDENTS
References: 3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM 2016, www.sgemsocial.org, SGEM2016 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-77-3 / ISSN 2367-5659, Aug 24-31, 2016, Book 3 Vol. 2, 23-30pp, DOI: 10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2016/B32/S08.004
Objectives: Obesity is an established risk factor for numerous health problems in adulthood. The aim of the research was to assess the nutritional status of university students and the relationship between nutritional status and quality of life.
Methods: The study included 85 subjects (men = 14 and women = 71), whose nutritional status was evaluated using the methods of standardized anthropometry and bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA), and quality of life using the standardized questionnaire WHOQOL -BREF. The BMI (kg/m2) of each subject was calculated and classified under the respective WHO BMI category. The research was conducted from October 2015 to March 2016. The data were processed statistically using the Mann- Whitney U Test and Spearman’s correlation coefficient. The tests were conducted at the 0.01 and 0.05 levels of significance.
Results: Based on the BIA analysis of body composition and BMI classification, it was found that 7.14% of men and 12.68% of women were underweight, 78.58% men and 60.56 % of women fell within the normal category, while 7.14% of men and 25.35% of women were overweight, and 7.14% of men and 1.41% of women were obese. Significantly higher levels of quality of life were established in the normal weight group, compared with the overweight and obesity groups in the domain Physical Health (p = 0.027) and Psychological State (p = 0.038). The results indicated a significant negative correlation between the BMI (kg/m2) and the quality of life domain of Psychological State r = -0.218 (p < 0.05). An increasing BMI (kg/m2) implies a decreasing quality of life in the domain Psychological State.
Keywords: university students, nutritional status, quality of life, health, questionnaire WHOQOL -BREF
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