POVERTY, AN EXISTENTIAL PHENOMENON HUMILIATING BILLIONS OF PERSONS
References: 3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM 2016, www.sgemsocial.org, SGEM2016 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-77-3 / ISSN 2367-5659, Aug 24-31, 2016, Book 3 Vol. 2, 97-108pp, DOI: 10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2016/B32/S08.013
It is not necessary to make an exhaustive sociological research to acknowledge that poverty is a phenomenon present everywhere in our society. It is enough to look with reasonable discretion, without being too critical, in order to note how poverty is present in the world. We can distinguish several types of poverty in human society. The type of poverty which is most visible and undeniable is absolute poverty, being manifested by the lack of the basic things needed in life: food, clothing, and housing.
Another type of poverty is relative poverty. This affects the persons who, while having the necessary things from biological perspective, cannot participate in the life of the community they belong to, thus experiencing a sense of marginalization and exclusion from social life. Cultural poverty is expressed by illiteracy, lack of training opportunities and social exclusion.
Social and relational poverty is expressed by: loneliness, inability to develop relationships, death of spouse, death of close relatives and friends, inner and outer obstacles as regards any type of social communication, discrimination and marginalization, isolation caused by imprisonment or deportation, incurable diseases, addictions, various types of disability. Spiritual poverty: disorientation, emptiness, discouragement and a sense of despair regarding the meaning of one’s own existence, lack of self-confidence, lack of or marginalization of the religious life, apathy or indifference to all surrounding realities.
Key words: absolute, relative, cultural, spiritual, poverty.
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