DOI: 10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2016/B32/S08.014


N. Fattakhova, M. Kulkova, N. Faizullina
Friday 30 September 2016 by Libadmin2016

References: 3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM 2016, www.sgemsocial.org, SGEM2016 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-77-3 / ISSN 2367-5659, Aug 24-31, 2016, Book 3 Vol. 2, 109-114pp, DOI: 10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2016/B32/S08.014

Prohibitive folk omens serve as a kind of "talisman" in key situations and contribute to the prevention of undesirable consequences. statistical analysis of the paremiological material has allowed to establish that folk omens with the meaning of prohibition is 12 %. analyzing folk omens in terms of the prohibition , we found that semantic structure includes the forecast future-oriented semantic. From the structure point of view, signs of this type can be divided into well-reasoned and unreasoned ones. the presence / absence of arguments explaining the need to abandon the execution of a particular action, is, in a sense, the "indicator" of the degree of prohibition. the semantics of a prohibition is implemented in the syntactic structures of explicit and implicit types. an explicit form is determined by a high / low degree of illocutionary force of prohibition. the highest frequency of use in russian folk texts will demonstrate the design using the indicative form of the verb in the 3 person and plural. (on the ascension in the field do not work). complex structures are issued in the form of complex sentences with the subordinate purpose of the investigation and may be marked by conjunction shoby …a to ( if…so ) ( kapusty v chetverg ne sadyat , shob chervi ne potochili - cabbage on thursday is not thrown, because the worms may gnaw it). the construction "shall not + the infinitive", "should + infinitive" is less frequent ( na blagovechenie zaprecheno podmetat` v dome - on the annunciation it is forbidden to sweep the house) . means of expression of the investigated prohibition situations covers all levels of language, both in lexical and grammatical forms of the given semantics.

Keywords: semantics of prohibition, folk signs, the illocutionary force of the utterance, Russian language.

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