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DOI: 10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2016/B25/S07.058

MIGRATION OF LABOUR IN THE BALTIC STATES: ECONOMIC IMPACT AND CONSEQUNCES

D. Vasilevska, B. Rivza, I. Lusena – Ezera, U. Libkovska
Monday 3 October 2016 by Libadmin2016

References: 3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM 2016, www.sgemsocial.org, SGEM2016 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-76-6 / ISSN 2367-5659, 24-31 August, 2016, Book 2 Vol. 5, 447-454 pp, DOI: 10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2016/B25/S07.058

ABSTRACT

The aim of the article is to clarify the impact of migration on labour resources and its economic consequences on the economics of the Baltic States (Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia) and analyse the policy for facilitation of re-emigration to the Baltic States. The results of the research have been obtained by analysing the planning documents of the re-emigration policy of the Baltic States, Statistical Bureaus’ data regarding the migrant flow from 2010 to 2015, and by analysing the theoretical aspects of the impact of international migration of labour on the national economies. At the beginning of 21st century, the problem of international migration of labour in the whole world has gained very important theoretical and practical significance. The last global economic crisis has shown the flexibility of migration and further confirmed that the mobility of a person is an integral part of our globalized world. On the basis of the data of the World Bank, more than 215 m persons (3% of the world population) live outside their country of origin. However, migration is still a politically sensitive phenomenon that has a significant impact on countries’ economies. International migration of labour of the Baltic States is an export with low added value (at macro level and mezzo level) and private investment in the joint capital of a person (at micro level). Migration is influenced by different economic, political and social factors in the country of origin of the migrant (factors facilitating the migration) or in the country of destination (connecting factors). The results of the research showed that migration has an impact on labour resources in all three Baltic States, however, an intensive emigration problem is expressed more in Latvia from the three Baltic States, but in the context of the policy, the economic growth rates of the Baltic States can decrease materially because there is a lack of labour attraction strategies, migration policy, and inaction of politicians and officials is observed in reduction of the negative consequences of emigration.

Keywords: labour migration, human resources, return migration, Baltic States


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