ON THE ISSUE OF COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY
References: 3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM2016, www.sgemsocial.org , SGEM2016 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-52-0 / ISSN 2367-5659, Apr 06-09, Book 3, Vol.1, 665-670 pp, DOI: 10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2016/HB31/S03.086
The aim of this paper is defining the concept of collective responsibility based on the analysis of the current social practice. Generally, responsibility is defined as a relationship of dependence of man and his actions on the values that are considered the decisive basis for making decisions and realizing an act directly or indirectly aimed at the preservation and promotion of these values. In the case of moral responsibility, the value of good becomes this value, i.e. the object of responsibility. Consequently, the moral duty of man is to enforce the value of good by his actions. In accordance with the tradition of humanism, full and dignified human life is considered the highest good. A higher moral obligation is to fulfil such life.
In accordance with the tradition, the problem of personal responsibility is analysed, but the complexity of the current social practice requires to analyse the social dimension of responsibility first. It is a general trend of the development of the civilized society that the activities that are considered desirable and important in the society become organized or institutionalized. Therefore, besides individual persons, social institutions are becoming an increasingly significant subject of morality as well. This leads to the need to rehabilitate the concept of the “collective responsibility”, and also to introduce the concept of the “social evil” and the “banality of evil” into moral philosophy. These arise from the fact that in a complex institutionally determined social reality, the evil can no longer be derived from a purely personal failure of an individual, and therefore, a moral responsibility cannot be reduced just to its personal level.
The concept of the collective responsibility is analysed, because it allows to assess the responsibility for the acts that are carried out by specific individuals, but whose nature is determined by belonging to a certain community or institution, whether it is a manufacturing, economic, political, or spiritual institution.
Keywords: responsibility, morality, evil, collective responsibility
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