DOI: 10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2016/HB31/S03.092


I. Kasavin
Thursday 6 October 2016 by Libadmin2016

References: 3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM2016, www.sgemsocial.org , SGEM2016 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-52-0 / ISSN 2367-5659, Apr 06-09, Book 3, Vol.1, 701-708 pp, DOI: 10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2016/HB31/S03.092

The modern existence of science and technology is increasingly being apprehended as a global social problem. What are the political problems continually faced by scientists, engineers, and administrators of science in their practical activity? The fact that it is politics that comes to the fore in science and technology studies is far from being incidental. It is a consequence of the neoliberal trend in the field of science policy broadly criticized by the left intellectuals. They note that neoliberalism refuses to admit the status of science as a public good and requires that basic research be market based and oriented toward innovations and profits even at the expense of the search for new objective knowledge. In this situation, scientists have to join political discussions about the social status of science and about academic capitalism, to problematize the nature of technoscience and its image in society, and to ask questions about the scientific feasibility of governmental decisions and projects. Interestingly, the most extreme manifestation of the neoliberal trend takes place in Russian science policy. The convergence of philosophy of science and political philosophy, which belongs already to one of the major intellectual trends in the West (Bourdieu, Feyerabend, Latour, Callon, Rouse, Sismondo etc.) becomes topical in Russian intellectual circles, also as a part of a political dissident movement.

Keywords: science and technology studies, academic capitalism, neoliberalism, political philosophy of science, market economy, technoscience, science and education policy

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