DOI: 10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2016/HB41/S05.021


Z. Stanislavova, M. Kuderjava
Thursday 6 October 2016 by Libadmin2016

References: 3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM2016, www.sgemsocial.org , SGEM2016 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-53-7 / ISSN 2367-5659, Apr 06-09, Book 4, Vol.1, 161-166 pp, DOI: 10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2016/HB41/S05.021

Picture books are a particular kind of publications intended mainly for children who cannot read yet or are beginning readers. Pictures occupy a substantial part of the book and are closely related and mutually complementary with a text. If the content of the picture book is a story, it develops linearly. Currently, the picture books utilise challenging artistic practices and treat topics related to serious social and individual human problems. They thus become semantically multi-layered and universal from the aspect of addressed recipient (they appeal to both adults and children). Dierožrút (Hole-glutton) the picture book by the Slovak authors Slávka Liptáková, the writer, and Fero Lipták, the illustrator, is such type of the picture book. Both artists made use of their imagination and symbolism to render textual and pictorial adaptation of some current issues of consumer lifestyle. The authors of this study interpret the cross-correlations of the text and the pictorial elements of the story and the ways in which symbolism and imagination were used in constructing the book’s semantic message. Symbolic meanings were achieved even in the choice of monochrome line drawing as the figurative element of the book. It is used in rendering the appearance of the main protagonist – an imaginary creature that lives on consuming holes – as well as in a multifaceted rendition of a hole as the symbol of emptiness in life. The textual component of the book depicts the orientation of the contemporary civilization on material values (symbolism of the hole-glutton and the empty reality of the civilized world) and on triviality and the loss of meaningfulness of such life (holes as a symbol of greed). The story finally ends up in the expression of hope for preserving spirituality by accepting traditional values (the symbolism of a well, water, the working hands and the Little Prince). Working with this type of publication in an educational setting contributes significantly to the development of literary competence of children and affects children’s inclination towards positive life values as well. In its conclusion, the study provides a brief information on the results of the research which shows how child readers, on the threshold of puberty, can decipher a difficult meaning of the story through the methods of creative drama.

Keywords: narrative picture book, symbol, imagination, language play, picture of consumer lifestyle, literary competence of children

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