THE CORNETT IN 17TH CENTRUY SLOVAKIAN REGION: ITS EMERGENCE AND PRACTICE
References: 3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM2016, www.sgemsocial.org , SGEM2016 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-53-7 / ISSN 2367-5659, Apr 06-09, Book 4, Vol.1, 361-368 pp, DOI: 10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2016/HB41/S06.046
This paper explores the development, period occurrence and use of the cornett in
the Slovakian region during the 17th century. Following a short introduction to the general history and construction of this forgotten Renaissance instrument, this presentation uses region-specific sources to illustrate the cornett´s practical function in this period and locale. While not one of the several hundred surviving instruments originates from Slovakia, several secondary sources paint a vivid picture of its use in the region. The research presented here includes: period inventories of musical instruments found in former times in church collections, municipal account books with recorded costs of music performances, regulations for Stadtpfeifer [town pipers/waiters], and also
musical treatises and encyclopedias, e.g. Orbis Sensualium Pictus by I. A. Comenius.
The role of cornett players in the musical life of the area, as well as the level of their skills, is also discussed. The paper also looks at local repertoire specifically scored for this instrument as well as originally intended either for violin or voice and continuo,which indicate the cornett as an alternative. Finally the paper will present a comparative analysis of selected works by Samuel Capricornus and Daniel Speer (composers living in Slovakia for several periods of time) that include the cornett in the instrumentation, as examples of different approaches to the instrument´s usage.
Keywords: Cornett, Slovakia, Stadtpfeifer, Samuel Capricornus, Daniel Speer
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