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DOI: 10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2016/HB42/S07.034

FROM HISTORICISM TO MODERNISM AND FUNCTIONALISM IN THE WORK OF THE ARCHITECT HARMINC

J. Pohanicova, P. Vodrazka
Thursday 6 October 2016 by Libadmin2016

References: 3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM2016, www.sgemsocial.org , SGEM2016 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-54-4 / ISSN 2367-5659, Apr 06-09, Book 4, Vol.2, 273-278 pp, DOI: 10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2016/HB42/S07.034

ABSTRACT
Architects and builders operating in the territory of the former Austro-Hungarian Empire and its succession states in the late 19th and early decades of the 20th century constitute a specific phenomenon of the Central European historiography of architecture. In terms of the use of biographical method an interesting topic for research appears in the personality of Michael Harminc Milan (1869 - 1964), a nestor of Slovak architecture. Nearly three hundred impressive architectural works of different typologies realized in the territory of Austria - Hungary, later Czechoslovakia or in the territory of succession states: Slovakia, Hungary, Serbia, and Romania, but also in Ukraine ranked him in the years 1887 - 1951 to the most productive architects of Central European region in general at all. His life and work are at the same time among the least explored areas of architectural history. The archival and field research, conducted in the framework of grant projects and monographs in the Faculty of Architecture of the Slovak Technical University in Bratislava brought new knowledge relating to the works of Harminc. They found their place in the construction of various typologies - sacral, residential, educational, medical and cultural, reflecting the transformation of styles from historicism to modernism and functionalism. This interesting phenomenon can be documented on three exceptional buildings, where Harminc as one of Slovak architects designed buildings of three Slovak National Museums - in Martin (1906 and 1929) and in Bratislava (1925). Through selected buildings can be reliably documented stylistic diversity of his works, entrepreneurial talent and eclectic adaptability, which can be seen as an inevitable reflection of transformations of the architectural opinion in the spirit of current trends over remarkably long sixty-four years of creative activity of the two centuries´ architect.

Keywords: history of architecture, historicism, modernism, functionalism, Harminc


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