HOUSE, STREET AND COURTYARD: THE REFORMED URBAN BLOCK IN DORTMUND
References: 3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM2016, www.sgemsocial.org , SGEM2016 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-54-4 / ISSN 2367-5659, Apr 06-09, Book 4, Vol.2, 311-318 pp, DOI: 10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2016/HB42/S07.039
This research analyses the Reformed Urban Block in Dortmund at the beginning of the 20thcentury as a way to build the contemporary urban space in continuity with the historical city made of blocks, to introduce air, light and green space within urban areas. The starting point is the essay Dwelling in the metropolis: Reformed urban blocks 1890–1940 as a model for the sustainable compact city by prof. W. Sonne , on the theoretical and practical application of this model in the main European experiences. This research studies the reception of these theoretical principles in a city, as Dortmund, not direct centre of cultural exchange, where the adaptability of this model finds the best result dealing with the local context and the specific urban history.
The topic has been carried out through a deep historical and compositive analysis of 28 examples from the urban and architectural point of view. The aim is to improve our understanding of city morphology and help creating new reasoning based on the role of architecture, and in particular, residential buildings, as construction element of cities.
At the same time it intends to give new value to the city of Dortmund, where urban and architectural quality at the beginning of the 20th century is still useful for today practice and further developments of the city.
Keywords: Reformed Urban Block, Dortmund, city, fabric, house, courtyard
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