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DOI: 10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2016/HB42/S07.083

STREET ART AND URBAN REGENERATION. CASE STUDY GDANSK AND ROME.

J. Borucka, C. Mattogno
Thursday 6 October 2016 by Libadmin2016

References: 3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM2016, www.sgemsocial.org , SGEM2016 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-54-4 / ISSN 2367-5659, Apr 06-09, Book 4, Vol.2, 663-670 pp, DOI: 10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2016/HB42/S07.083

ABSTRACT
Street art plays an important role in urban planning as a transforming engine to regenerate the public spaces and in the processes of participation. The article analyzes two main topics. The first one focuses on the urban serving as a support for spatial and cultural strategies in urban redevelopment projects. The second one is related to the potential of micro urban interventions as a strategy for a wider involvement of inhabitants and other social subjects.
This study’s focus is on the comparison of two distinct social housing districts in Gdansk and Rome, analyzed to find out if urban art can improve the existing state of uncontrolled contemporary transformation and their spatial disorder in the urban landscape.
The data for the comparative study of two suburban areas (San Basilio district in Rome, Italy and Zaspa – Młyniec district in Gdansk, Poland) was gathered during several workshops on location, investigation and interviews with the neighbors and the local administrators.
The analysis is based on the comparison of public cultural and artistic interventions in these two locations, and issues of presence of art in public space and their consequences in practice with special emphasis on street art.
The questions posed by this study are: What are the consequences of such public art interventions for the regeneration and transformation of the public space? Does the participation of local actors and inhabitants in creating public art have the potential to positively impact future development of the neglected urban areas? Does public art play a role in protecting the urban landscape, in affecting town planning?
The political and economic changes in European cities have resulted in dramatic transformations of public space. Many instruments, including public art, support the existing urban planning tools. In turn, public art plays a crucial role in promoting social participation and raising public awareness. This understanding of the importance of local actors is a crucial step for protecting cultural heritage and the unique character of the place and the regeneration processes of cities.

Keywords: Urban planning, Urban Art, Street Art, Public Space, Social Housing, Local participation


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