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DOI: 10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2016/HB42/S07.095

THE ORIGINS OF THE BRICK ARCHITECTURE IN POMERANIA

P. Samol
Thursday 6 October 2016 by Libadmin2016

References: 3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM2016, www.sgemsocial.org , SGEM2016 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-54-4 / ISSN 2367-5659, Apr 06-09, Book 4, Vol.2, 757-764 pp, DOI: 10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2016/HB42/S07.095

ABSTRACT
Traditionally, brick is one of the most popular building materials on the southern coast of the Baltic Sea. Although the origins of brick architecture have been the subject of numerous research studies, their results were focused on the Kingdom of Denmark, merchant-towns and the State of the Teutonic Order. Most scholars claimed that Pomeranian architecture had not been as developed as that in the neighbouring countries. Moreover, most academics analysing the architecture of the Pomeranian duchies base their contentions on studies and field works that had been conducted before WWII. Therefore, contemporary literature does not include many results of architectural and archaeological research studies as regards the oldest brick complexes between Oder and Vistula rivers (e.g. Kolbacz/Kolbatz, Kamien/Cammin, Oliwa/Oliva, Gdansk/Danzig). Contrary to older studies, the last research studies allowed to establish that not only did brick architecture in that region refer to German patterns, but also to Cistercian and Dominican foundations from Poland and Denmark. The aim of the paper is to present the results of architectural researches (up to 2015) in the oldest monasteries in the northern Poland and to investigate the three main routes of transferring the brick-building technology to Pomerania.

Keywords: brick architecture, Romanesque architecture, Gothic architecture, northern Poland, Pomerania


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