STUDY OF CHILDHOOD CULTURE AMONG THE SIBERIAN INDIGENOUS PEOPLES (ON THE FIELD RESEARCH MATERIAL OF THE CHULYM ETHNOCULTURAL GROUP IN THE TYUKHTET DISTRICT OF THE KRASNOYARSK TERRITORY)
References: 4th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM2017, www.sgemvienna.org, SGEM2017 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-97-1 / ISSN 2367-5659, March 28-31, Book6, Vol.1, 149-156 pp, DOI:10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2017/HB61/S9.18
We analyzed the results of field studies in the Tyukhtet District of the Krasnoyarsk Territory. The subject of the study is the childhood culture of the indigenous, scarce peoples of the Krasnoyarsk Territory. A group of researchers from Siberian Federal University had studied the Chulym ethnocultural group ("chulymtsy"). The target of the study was Chulym children. The main research methods were field studies and focus groups, which involved observation and expert interviews. The general culture of childhood, their spheres of leisure time, healthcare, and education were taken into account. Currently, the culture of indigenous small-numbered peoples of the Krasnoyarsk Territory is actively influenced by other civilization standards and values. Preservation and development of the unique culture of the indigenous small-numbered peoples of the Krasnoyarsk Territory depends on the childhood culture of the indigenous peoples. Childhood cultural practices in the Chulym ethnocultural group are destroying the ethnocultural identity of the indigenous peoples. It is necessary to change the state’s cultural policy. The childhood culture of the indigenous scarce peoples of the Krasnoyarsk Territory should be protected by the state and public organizations.
Keywords: indigenous scarce peoples of the North, Siberia, and the Far East, cultural research, field studies, the Chulym people, childhood culture.
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