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DOI: 10.5593/sgemsocial2014/B13/S3.045

HIGHER EDUCATION IN PORTUGAL IN THE LAST DECADES: OLD TRENDS, RECENT CHALLENGES

A. J. Almeida, N.a Alves, M. Marques, R. Canario
Saturday 1 November 2014 by Libadmin2014

References: International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM2014, www.sgemsocial.org , SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-24-7/ ISSN 2367-5659, September 1-9, 2014, Book 1, Vol. 3, 333-340 pp

ABSTRACT
In this paper we analyze the evolution of Higher Education in the last three decades and the effects of the recent Portuguese economic crisis, officially started at 2011 with the intervention of International Monetary Fund, European Central Bank and European Commission. Based on the statistical data produced by national and international organizations we show that the process of “massification” of higher education in Portugal is late compared with other European countries – it only started in the middle eighties - and it did not question the elitist character of this educational level. We also argue that the present economic crisis may contribute to strengthen it elitist character.

Keywords: Higher Education, equal opportunities, democratization, massification