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10.5593/sgemsocial2017/15/S05.107

SOCIAL RISKS IN THE ACTIVITIES OF COMPANIES WITH STATE PARTICIPATION: THREATS AND OPPORTUNITIES

M. Eskindarov, O. Danilova
Thursday 28 September 2017 by Libadmin2017

References: 4th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM 2017, www.sgemsocial.org, SGEM2017 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7408-17-1 / ISSN 2367-5659, 24 - 30 August, 2017, Book 1, Vol 5, 855-862 pp, DOI: 10.5593/sgemsocial2017/15/S05.107

ABSTRACT

The article discusses the social risks and their role in the management of entrepreneurial structures. Risks are indicators of the degree of social tension and level of success of entrepreneurial environment on local level, regional level and enterprise specific, and macro. The General trend in Russia was strengthening the entrepreneurial activities of the state - state equity participation of large companies is becoming one of the most common forms of state regulatory impact on the economic activity of economic agents. Currently, companies with state participation control about 40% of the Russian economy. Taking into account the activities of all state-owned companies and Federal state unitary enterprises provide more than 50% of GDP. In the conditions of transformation and development of new institutions manifested many risk factors that weaken the effectiveness of innovation activities of companies with state participation. The study showed that a significant factor in social risk is the overall level of development of the Russian economy.
The study we conducted based on the logical analysis of the evolution of scientific views and approaches to the concept of "risk" allows you to create a system of regular procedures for identifying risk factors in specific economic conditions, to expand the field of manifestation of the factors not considered social risks. As a result of the divergence of strategic interests of the state (national interests) and interests of joint-stock companies (maximize profits), control over the activities of joint stock companies with dominant state influence does not allow to have a serious impact on the solution of many important problems of modernization of the Russian economy. Increasing social tensions associated with the reallocation of state financial resources in favor of the production sector. Accordingly, there are gaps in financing of non-strategic, but vital needs of the population of industries. This contradiction is softened by the possibility of solving social problems across the country through funding of priority national projects. Building a strategy for minimizing the social risks involves the institutionalization of social dialogue and reflect the objective reality of interaction of economic entities in their economic field. As the most promising form of minimizing social risks of entrepreneurship are invited to consider social partnership, which allows to solve problems on a mutually beneficial basis on the basis of consensus of all stakeholders.

Keywords: entrepreneurship, social risks, company with state participation, social partnership, social responsibility of business