PUBLIC BUILDING DESIGN AND UNIVERSALITY OF ARCHITECTURE
References: 5th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM 2018, www.sgemvienna.org, SGEM2018 Vienna ART Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7408-33-1 / ISSN 2367-5659, 19 - 21 March, 2018, Vol. 5, Issue 5.1; 275-282 pp, DOI: 10.5593/sgemsocial2018H/51/S17.032
The concept of universal design that is being implemented by developed democratic societies is a strategic approach to planning and design, the goal of which is to provide all citizens with the ability to participate in public life. According to definitions, universal architecture is a type of architecture whose use is not limited by any of our individual qualities - be they physical, psychological, social, or cultural. Introduced in the 1960’s and developed in the 1990’s along with the concepts of sustainable design and resilience, the idea entered into the realm of both good practices in architectural design and international law.
Meanwhile, as the results of initial studies have indicated, public and commercial buildings in Poland can be hardly considered accessible even within the narrow definition contained in national regulations. This paper brings to light some aspects of both the very idea of universal design and those of everyday architectural practice that may be responsible for universal architecture being still an exception rather than a rule.
Keywords: public building design, universality, universal design, design-for-all
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