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10.5593/sgemsocial2018H/61/S11.030

JOZEF BEM IN THE POLISH AND HUNGARIAN LITERATURE

T. Mori
Tuesday 10 April 2018 by lib_admin

References: 5th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM 2018, www.sgemvienna.org, SGEM2018 Vienna ART Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7408-34-8 / ISSN 2367-5659, 19 - 21 March, 2018, Vol. 5, Issue 6.1; 243-250 pp, DOI: 10.5593/sgemsocial2018H/61/S11.030

ABSTRACT

This work based on Romantic literature reflects the image of Jozef Bem as a romantic hero and a symbol of Polish-Hungarian friendship. Comparing the progress of the national literatures of this epoch, mainly the Polish and Hungarian one, and conditions of their development leads us to their overall conjunction of the 19th Century. In our paper, we use sources from history and literature and we try to put Jozef Bem’s person into right context of Hungarian revolution set in years 1848/1849 during governance of Habsburg monarchy (in the 19th Century). Mainly we deal with works of poets as Sándor Petőfi and Cyprian Kamil Norwid. Special importance is given to work of Sándor Petőfi, because of his interest in Transylvania’s campaign alongside with Bem. Our research is based on comparing real facts with literal works including Jozef Bem. He is very interesting person of Central European area, he participated on uprising against Russians in the 1831, he was also the symbol of typical hero of Romanticism. His impact in Petőfi poetry is still visible up to this days, they had excellent relations, moreover Bem was like a mentor for this well-known poet. In our paper we try to analyse the symbol of romantic hero which is still alive in Hungary and Poland. Relationship of these two countries is constantly above high standard, what we can see on the cultural and political field. Origin of these relations are in revolution of Habsburg monarchy and Jozef Bem is the symbol of polish support for Hungarian revolutionaries.

Keywords: Jozef Bem, Romanticism, Poland, Hungary, Literature, Poets


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