THE OLD PROBLEMS OF RUSSIAN FEDERALISM AGAIN
The article discusses some problems of federalism in Russia, which have recently become particularly acute. These problems are related to the specific functioning of the mechanisms of mandatory rotation at the level of heads of subjects of the Russian Federation. The aim of the study is to show that they are rooted in the peculiarities of the system of federative relations that has been formed over the past 20 years of modern Russian history. Using historical method and also methods of structural-functional analysis and analysis of documents, the authors prove the validity of this hypothesis. It is shown that enormously large number of subjects in the Russian Federation leads to loss of controllability and destabilization of the system as a whole. On the other hand, this circumstance interferes with the normal functioning of standard democratic mechanisms, including the mechanisms of mandatory rotation at the level of heads of subjects of the federation. Various attempts of the Russian government to overcome these difficulties through institutional reforms of federative relations have been analyzed. Thus, as a result of the study some contradictions in the institutional structure of the Russian Federation were identified and possible ways of their resolution were suggested. The work was carried out at the Department of Political Sciences of the Ural Federal University.
Keywords: federative relations, problems of Russian federalism, institutional structure of the Russian Federation, mechanisms of mandatory rotation.
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