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THE VOICE OF GOD AND ITS ANTHROPOMORPHIC REPRESENTATION IN THE JEWISH AND CHRISTIAN ART

C. Vatamanu
Thursday 8 November 2018 by Libadmin2018

ABSTRACT

In the Hebrew Scripture, the representation of God is totally forbidden by the second commandment of the Decalogue. The Ten Commandments also debut with the categorical affirmation of One God and with the prohibition to represent Him in some contingent form. Deuteronomy 4:12 is a development of this commandment, insisting that the anthropomorphic representation of God is forbidden, because „no appearance was visible to you, except the voice”. The voice of God is revealed, becomes "visible", perceptible to the senses, revealing the personal God, God the Word. The Incarnation of the Son of God, „the Word that descended from heaven”, as the Evangelist John describes Him, meant the possibility of iconographic representation of the Second Person of the Holy Trinity. This study aims to answer at the following questions: How could the voice of God be visible? And how could it be represented iconographical? The representation of the Voice of God as a Hand from the Heaven is an iconographical compromise in the Jewish and Christian culture and remained a challenge for iconographers throughout history, till today.

Keywords: Anthropology, Theology, Hebrew Bible, Iconography, Divine Voice


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